Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis

What is Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis usually known as hardening of the arteries, atherosclerosis refers to the conditions that result from the deposition of fatty deposits along the inner walls of arteries. These deposits, along with resulting inflammatory action by the immune system, lead to narrowing and eventual blockage of the affected artery. This blockage interrupts the…

Myocardial Ischemia

Myocardial Ischemia

What is Myocardial Ischemia? Cardiac dysfunction caused by an insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissues of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (coronary arteriosclerosis), to obstruction by a thrombus (coronary thrombosis), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the…

Thrombosis

Thrombosis

What is Thrombosis? Thrombosis is the formation of a mass of aggregated blood factors (a thrombus, or blood clot); coagulation of the blood. Specifically, this refers to the formation of a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel. Etiology: 1. Endothelial Cell Damage: The intrinsic pathway is triggered when collagen is exposed to blood. Since endothelial…

Transient Ishemic Attack

Transient Ishemic Attack

What is TIA and its cause? A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is caused by a temporary state of reduced blood flow in a portion of the brain. This is most frequently caused by tiny blood clots that temporarily occlude a portion of the brain. A primary blood supply to the brain is through two arteries…

ULNAR NERVE PALSY

ULNAR NERVE PALSY

IntroductionThe ulnar nerve is derived from the C8 and T1 nerve roots. It is a terminal branch of the medial cord of the brachial plexus. In the midportion of the arm, it passes from the anterior to the posterior part of the arm, piercing the intermuscular septum approximately 10 cm above the medial epicondyle. The…

Learn about Rheumatoid arthritis

Learn about Rheumatoid arthritis

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?What are the causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis?What are the signs and symptoms of RA?What are the Physiotherapy Treatment Modalities? Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and painful clinical condition that leads to progressive joint damage, disability and shortened life expectancy. Even a mild inflammation may result in irreversible…

A short guide on Hemiplegia

A short guide on Hemiplegia

HEMIPLEGIAWhat is Hemiplegia?What are the classifications of Hemiplegia?What causes Hemiplegia?What are the signs and symptoms of the condition?What is the difference between Hemiplegia and Hemiparesis? Definition Hemiplegia refers to paralysis or abnormal movements on one side of a person, either the right or left. The affected side, or hemisphere, can be completely paralyzed or weakened,…