CPT Code 59012 | Description & Clinical Information

CPT 59012 describes the utilization of a needle and diverse techniques, including transplacental or transamniotic approaches, to extract blood from the fetal umbilical cord for the purpose of diagnosing different blood conditions and infections in the fetus.

Official Description

The CPT book defines CPT code 59012 as: “Cordocentesis (intrauterine), any method”.

Billing Guidelines

Use CPT code 76941 for radiological supervision and interpretation.

Clinical Information

The procedure described by CPT code 59012 is a prenatal diagnostic test used to analyze fetal blood samples. This medical examination is performed by an obstetrician or midwife and involves taking a small sample of blood from the umbilical cord. This procedure is employed when there is a high risk of genetic abnormalities in the fetus, and is often performed between 18 and 22 weeks of pregnancy.

The process of this procedure begins with the provider preparing the patient’s abdominal area by draping and cleaning it. The provider then uses ultrasonic guidance to determine the needle insertion site. This ultrasound ensures that the needle avoids harming the fetus while passing through the abdomen and uterine walls.

Once the needle insertion site is determined, the provider carefully inserts a needle into the umbilical cord to withdraw a small amount of fetal blood. The provider then carefully withdraws the needle, taking care not to cause any damage to the cord, and sends the fetal blood sample to the laboratory for analysis.

The laboratory examines the sample to determine if there are any genetic abnormalities present in the fetus. This includes checking for chromosomal abnormalities such as Down Syndrome, and other genetic disorders such as cystic fibrosis.

This procedure is a diagnostic test that can provide invaluable information to families and healthcare providers. When performed correctly, it is a safe and reliable method of detecting genetic abnormalities in the fetus. However, there are potential risks involved with any medical procedure, and pregnant women and their healthcare providers should weigh the risks and benefits of the procedure before deciding to go ahead with it.

Overall, the CPT code 59012 procedure is an important diagnostic tool for detecting potential genetic abnormalities in the fetus. It is a safe and reliable procedure that can provide valuable information to healthcare providers and expectant parents. With careful consideration and expert guidance from healthcare professionals, this procedure can be performed safely and effectively to ensure the health and well-being of mother and fetus alike.

Return to all the CPT codes for antepartum and fetal invasive services for maternity care and delivery.

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