CPT 80307, cpt code 80307, 80307 cpt code

CPT 80307 | Presumptive Drug Tests By Instrumented Chemistry Analyzers

CPT 80307 can report presumptive drug tests for any drug classes and any number of devices or procedures by instrumented chemistry analyzers.

What Is CPT Code 80307?

CPT code 80307 refers to a procedure for conducting presumptive drug testing using instrumented chemistry analyzers.

CPT 80307 covers any number of drug classes and any number of devices or procedures that may be used.

The description of 80307 lists a few examples of methods that can be used, such as immunoassay (e.g., EIA, ELISA, EMIT, FPIA, IA, KIMS, RIA), chromatography (e.g., GC, HPLC), and mass spectrometry either with or without chromatography (e.g., DART, DESI, GC-MS, GC-MS/MS, LC-MS, LC-MS/MS, LDTD, MALDI, TOF).

Description

The CPT book describes CPT code 80307 as: “Drug test(s), presumptive, any number of drug classes, any number of devices or procedures; by instrument chemistry analyzers (e.g., utilizing immunoassay [e.g., EIA, ELISA, EMIT, FPIA, IA, KIMS, RIA]), chromatography (e.g., GC, HPLC), and mass spectrometry either with or without chromatography, (e.g., DART, DESI, GC-MS, GC-MS/MS, LC-MS, LC-MS/MS, LDTD, MALDI, TOF) includes sample validation when performed, per date of service.”

Procedure

The lab analyst conducts presumptive drug testing on a single date using instrumented chemistry analyzers to screen for various drug classes.

They perform all technical steps of the drug screening process to identify any drug classes using instrumented chemistry analysis methods presumptively.

These methods include enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and other similar immunoassays.

Chromatography methods, such as gas chromatography (GC) and liquid chromatography (LC), are also used to separate components by passing the mixture through a mobile phase in which the components move at different rates.

Mass spectrometry (MS) is another method used, which is a technique to identify the components and amounts of a mixture by ionizing, separating by mass-to-charge ratio, and detecting the components.

Specialized mass spectrometry procedures like time of flight (TOF), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI), laser diode thermal desorption (LDTD), and desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) may also be used by the lab analyst.

With these methods, the lab analyst can conduct a thorough and comprehensive analysis to identify the presence of various drug classes.

How To Use CPT 80307

Bill just one unit per date of service when you use CPT code 80307.

Clinicians can order CPT 80307 for suspected drug overdose cases or as a screening test for drug abuse, with follow-up testing for definitive results and quantification of the substance.

Some payers may pay separately for specimen collection using code CPT 36415.

Do not bill separately for sample validation because that is included in 80307, and do not bill additional codes such as urinalysis (CPT 81003), creatinine (CPT 82570), or pH (CPT 83986) in addition to the presumptive drug test code.

For tests that provide results only by direct optical observation, use CPT codes 80305 or 80306 instead of 80307.

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