CPT Code 31500 | Description & Clinical Information
CPT 31500 describes the medical procedure in which a healthcare provider utilizes a flexible tube to insert it into the trachea, usually through the mouth, during an emergency situation to ensure that the airway remains open in a patient who has a compromised airway.
The CPT book defines CPT code 31500 as: “Intubation, endotracheal, emergency procedure”.
The procedure described by CPT code 31500 is a common medical practice used to establish an artificial airway in patients who require ventilatory support, anesthesia or whenever there is a blockage in the airway. This procedure is performed by a qualified healthcare provider who has the necessary knowledge, skills, and equipment to eliminate airway obstruction.
The provider begins by inserting a laryngoscope into the patient’s mouth to get a clear view of the vocal cords and the upper section of the trachea. The laryngoscope is a medical tool that enables the provider to view the inside of the trachea and establish airway patency.
After obtaining an optimal view of the vocal cords, the provider then inserts an endotracheal tube through the mouth and initiates its advancement towards the trachea. The endotracheal tube is inserted through the mouth and passed through the trachea just above where it branches into the lungs. This tube is then held in place by inflating a balloon present at its tip. The balloon also prevents choking, as it prevents any blood, secretions or discharges in the airway from entering the lungs and affecting breathing.
Once the tube is in place and the balloon is inflated, the provider removes the laryngoscope. The tube is then connected to a ventilator to assist the patient in breathing. The provider uses a stethoscope to monitor breathing sounds and any abnormalities.
The patient may be administered general anesthesia during the procedure to prevent discomfort. This type of anesthesia ensures that the patient does not feel any discomfort or pain during the procedure.
In conclusion, the CPT 31500 procedure is a critical medical intervention required in patients who require an artificial airway, ventilation support, or any intervention that necessitates airway patency. It is undertaken by a qualified healthcare provider with the necessary knowledge, skills, and experience to ensure positive outcomes for the patient. The procedure is performed with utmost professionalism and care to ensure safety for the patient at all times.
Return to all the CPT codes for introduction procedures on the larynx.