Disorders Due To Use Of Alcohol – Definitions & ICD 11 Codes

Definition of Disorders due to use of alcohol: Disorders due to use of alcohol are characterised by the pattern and consequences of alcohol use. Alcohol—more specifically termed ethyl alcohol or ethanol—is an intoxicating compound produced by fermentation of sugars usually in agricultural products such as fruits, cereals, and vegetables with or without subsequent distillation. There are a wide variety of alcoholic drinks, with alcohol concentrations typically ranging from 1.5% to 60%. Alcohol is predominantly a central nervous system depressant. In addition to ability to produce Alcohol Intoxication, alcohol has dependence-producing properties, resulting in Alcohol Dependence in some people and Alcohol Withdrawal when alcohol use is reduced or discontinued. Unlike most other substances, elimination of alcohol from the body occurs at a constant rate, such that its clearance follows a linear rather than a logarithmic course. Alcohol is implicated in a wide range of harms affecting most organs and systems of the body (e.g., cirrhosis of the liver, gastrointestinal cancers, pancreatitis). Harm to others resulting from behaviour during Alcohol Intoxication is well recognized and is included in the definitions of harmful use of alcohol (i.e., Episode of Harmful Use of Alcohol and Harmful Pattern of Use of Alcohol). Several alcohol-induced mental disorders (e.g., Alcohol-Induced Psychotic Disorder) and alcohol-related forms of neurocognitive impairment (e.g., Dementia Due to Use of Alcohol) are recognized.

ICD 11 Code For Disorders due to use of alcohol

  6C40  Disorders due to use of alcohol

Exclusions:

  • Hazardous alcohol use (QE10)

6C40.0 Episode of harmful use of alcohol

Definition of Episode of harmful use of alcohol: An episode of use of alcohol that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour due to alcohol intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of single episode of harmful use applies. This diagnosis should not be made if the harm is attributed to a known pattern of alcohol use.

Exclusions:

  • Harmful pattern of use of alcohol (6C40.1)
  • Alcohol dependence (6C40.2)

6C40.1 Harmful pattern of use of alcohol

Definition of Harmful pattern of use of alcohol: A pattern of alcohol use that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. The pattern of alcohol use is evident over a period of at least 12 months if substance use is episodic or at least one month if use is continuous. Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour related to alcohol intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of Harmful pattern of use of alcohol applies.

Exclusions:

  • Alcohol dependence (6C40.2)
  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)

6C40.10 Harmful pattern of use of alcohol episodic

Definition of Harmful pattern of use of alcohol episodic: A pattern of episodic or intermittent alcohol use that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. The pattern of episodic alcohol use is evident over a period of at least 12 months. Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour related to alcohol intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of Harmful pattern of use of alcohol applies.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Alcohol dependence (6C40.2)

6C40.11 Harmful pattern of use of alcohol continuous

Definition of Harmful pattern of use of alcohol continuous: A pattern of continuous (daily or almost daily) alcohol use that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. The pattern of continuous alcohol use is evident over a period of at least one month. Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour related to alcohol intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of Harmful pattern of use of alcohol applies.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Alcohol dependence (6C40.2)

6C40.1Z Harmful pattern of use of alcohol unspecified

6C40.2 Alcohol dependence

Definition of Alcohol dependence: Alcohol dependence is a disorder of regulation of alcohol use arising from repeated or continuous use of alcohol. The characteristic feature is a strong internal drive to use alcohol, which is manifested by impaired ability to control use, increasing priority given to use over other activities and persistence of use despite harm or negative consequences. These experiences are often accompanied by a subjective sensation of urge or craving to use alcohol. Physiological features of dependence may also be present, including tolerance to the effects of alcohol, withdrawal symptoms following cessation or reduction in use of alcohol, or repeated use of alcohol or pharmacologically similar substances to prevent or alleviate withdrawal symptoms. The features of dependence are usually evident over a period of at least 12 months but the diagnosis may be made if alcohol use is continuous (daily or almost daily) for at least 3 months.

Inclusions:

  • Chronic alcoholism
  • Dipsomania

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of alcohol (6C40.1)

6C40.20 Alcohol dependence current use continuous

Definition of Alcohol dependence current use continuous: Alcohol dependence with continuous consumption of alcohol (daily or almost daily) over a period of at least 1 month.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of alcohol (6C40.1)

6C40.21 Alcohol dependence current use episodic

Definition of Alcohol dependence current use episodic: During the past 12 months, there has been alcohol dependence with intermittent heavy drinking, with periods of abstinence from alcohol. If current use is continuous (daily or almost daily over at least the past 1 month), the diagnosis of Alcohol dependence, current use, continuous should be made instead.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of alcohol (6C40.1)

6C40.22 Alcohol dependence early full remission

Definition of Alcohol dependence early full remission: After a diagnosis of alcohol dependence, and often following a treatment episode or other intervention (including self-help intervention), the individual has been abstinent from alcohol during a period lasting from between 1 and 12 months.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of alcohol (6C40.1)

6C40.23 Alcohol dependence sustained partial remission

Definition of Alcohol dependence sustained partial remission: After a diagnosis of alcohol dependence, and often following a treatment episode or other intervention (including self-help intervention), there is a significant reduction in alcohol consumption for more than 12 months, such that even though intermittent or continuing drinking has occurred during this period, the definitional requirements for dependence have not been met.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of alcohol (6C40.1)

6C40.24 Alcohol dependence sustained full remission

Definition of Alcohol dependence sustained full remission: After a diagnosis of alcohol dependence, and often following a treatment episode or other intervention (including self-intervention), the person has been abstinent from alcohol for 12 months or longer.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of alcohol (6C40.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of alcohol (6C40.1)

6C40.2Z Alcohol dependence unspecified

6C40.3 Alcohol intoxication

Definition of Alcohol intoxication: Alcohol intoxication is a clinically significant transient condition that develops during or shortly after the consumption of alcohol that is characterised by disturbances in consciousness, cognition, perception, affect, behaviour, or coordination. These disturbances are caused by the known pharmacological effects of alcohol and their intensity is closely related to the amount of alcohol consumed. They are time-limited and abate as alcohol is cleared from the body. Presenting features may include impaired attention, inappropriate or aggressive behaviour, lability of mood and emotions, impaired judgment, poor coordination, unsteady gait, fine nystagmus and slurred speech. At more severe levels of intoxication, stupor or coma may occur. Alcohol intoxication may facilitate suicidal ideation or behaviour.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

Exclusions:

6C40.4 Alcohol withdrawal

Definition of Alcohol withdrawal: Alcohol withdrawal is a clinically significant cluster of symptoms, behaviours and/or physiological features, varying in degree of severity and duration, that occurs upon cessation or reduction of use of alcohol in individuals who have developed Alcohol dependence or have used alcohol for a prolonged period or in large amounts. Presenting features of Alcohol withdrawal may include autonomic hyperactivity (e.g. tachycardia, hypertension, perspiration), increased hand tremor, nausea, retching or vomiting, insomnia, anxiety, psychomotor agitation, depressed or dysphoric mood, transient visual, tactile or auditory illusions or hallucinations, and distractability. Less commonly, the withdrawal state is complicated by generalised tonic-clonic seizures. The withdrawal state may progress to a very severe form of delirium characterised by confusion and disorientation, delusions, and prolonged visual, tactile or auditory hallucinations. In such cases, a separate diagnosis of Alcohol-induced delirium should also be assigned.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.40 Alcohol withdrawal uncomplicated

Definition of Alcohol withdrawal uncomplicated: All diagnostic requirements for Alcohol Withdrawal are met and the withdrawal state is not accompanied by perceptual disturbances or seizures.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.41 Alcohol withdrawal with perceptual disturbances

Definition of Alcohol withdrawal with perceptual disturbances: All diagnostic requirements for Alcohol withdrawal are met and the withdrawal state is accompanied by perceptual disturbances (e.g., visual or tactile hallucinations or illusions) with intact reality testing. There is no evidence of confusion and other diagnostic requirements for Delirium are not met. The withdrawal state is not accompanied by seizures.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.42 Alcohol withdrawal with seizures

Definition of Alcohol withdrawal with seizures: All diagnostic requirements for Alcohol withdrawal are met and the withdrawal state is accompanied by seizures (i.e., generalised tonic-clonic seizures) but not by perceptual disturbances.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.43 Alcohol withdrawal with perceptual disturbances and seizures

Definition of Alcohol withdrawal with perceptual disturbances and seizures: All diagnostic requirements for Alcohol withdrawal are met and the withdrawal state is accompanied by both seizures (i.e., generalised tonic-clonic seizures) and perceptual disturbances (e.g., visual or tactile hallucinations or illusions) with intact reality testing. Diagnostic requirements for Delirium are not met.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.4Z Alcohol withdrawal unspecified

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.5 Alcohol-induced delirium

Definition of Alcohol-induced delirium: Alcohol-induced delirium is characterised by an acute state of disturbed attention and awareness with specific features of delirium that develops during or soon after substance intoxication or withdrawal or during the use of alcohol. The amount and duration of alcohol use must be capable of producing delirium. Specific features of alcohol-induced delirium may include impaired consciousness with disorientation, vivid hallucinations and illusions, insomnia, delusions, agitation, disturbances of attention, and accompanying tremor and physiological symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. In some cases of alcohol withdrawal, the withdrawal state may progress to a very severe form of Alcohol-induced delirium. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder, by use of or withdrawal from a different substance, or by another health condition that is not classified under Mental, behavioural and neurodevelopmental disorders.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

Inclusions:

  • Delirium tremens (alcohol-induced)
  • Delirium induced by alcohol withdrawal

6C40.6 Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder

Definition of Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder: Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder is characterised by psychotic symptoms (e.g. delusions, hallucinations, disorganised thinking, grossly disorganised behaviour) that develop during or soon after intoxication with or withdrawal from alcohol. The intensity or duration of the symptoms is substantially in excess of psychotic-like disturbances of perception, cognition, or behaviour that are characteristic of Alcohol intoxication or Alcohol withdrawal. The amount and duration of alcohol use must be capable of producing psychotic symptoms. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder (e.g. Schizophrenia, a Mood disorder with psychotic symptoms), as might be the case if the psychotic symptoms preceded the onset of the alcohol use, if the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time after cessation of the alcohol use or withdrawal, or if there is other evidence of a pre-existing primary mental disorder with psychotic symptoms (e.g. a history of prior episodes not associated with alcohol use).

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.60 Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with hallucinations

Definition of Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with hallucinations: Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with hallucinations is characterised by the presence of hallucinations that are judged to be the direct consequence of alcohol use. Neither delusions nor other psychotic symptoms are present. The symptoms do not occur exclusively during hypnogogic or hypnopompic states, are not better accounted for by another mental and behavioural disorder (e.g., schizophrenia), and are not due to another disorder or disease classified elsewhere (e.g., epilepsies with visual symptoms).

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.61 Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with delusions

Definition of Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with delusions: Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with delusions is characterised by the presence of delusions that are judged to be the direct consequence of alcohol use. Neither hallucinations nor other psychotic symptoms are present. The symptoms do not occur exclusively during hypnogogic or hypnopompic states, are not better accounted for by another mental and behavioural disorder (e.g., schizophrenia), and are not due to another disorder or disease classified elsewhere (e.g., epilepsies with visual symptoms).

Coding Note:

Code also the causing condition

6C40.62 Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with mixed psychotic symptoms

Definition of Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with mixed psychotic symptoms: Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with mixed psychotic symptoms is characterised by the presence of multiple psychotic symptoms, primarily hallucinations and delusions, when these are judged to be the direct consequence of alcohol use. The symptoms do not occur exclusively during hypnogogic or hypnopompic states, are not better accounted for by another mental and behavioural disorder (e.g., schizophrenia), and are not due to another disorder or disease classified elsewhere (e.g., epilepsies with visual symptoms).

Coding Note:

Code also the causing condition

6C40.6Z Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder unspecified

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.7 Certain specified alcohol-induced mental or behavioural disorders

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

Coded Elsewhere:

6C40.70 Alcohol-induced mood disorder

Definition of Alcohol-induced mood disorder: Alcohol-induced mood disorder is characterised by mood symptoms (e.g., depressed or elevated mood, decreased engagement in pleasurable activities, increased or decreased energy levels) that develop during or soon after intoxication with or withdrawal from alcohol. The intensity or duration of the symptoms is substantially in excess of mood disturbances that are characteristic of Alcohol intoxication or Alcohol withdrawal. The amount and duration of alcohol use must be capable of producing mood symptoms. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder (e.g., a Depressive disorder, a Bipolar disorder, Schizoaffective disorder), as might be the case if the mood symptoms preceded the onset of the alcohol use, if the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time after cessation of the alcohol use or withdrawal, or if there is other evidence of a pre-existing primary mental disorder with mood symptoms (e.g., a history of prior episodes not associated with alcohol use).

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.71 Alcohol-induced anxiety disorder

Definition of Alcohol-induced anxiety disorder: Alcohol-induced anxiety disorder is characterised by anxiety symptoms (e.g., apprehension or worry, fear, physiological symptoms of excessive autonomic arousal, avoidance behaviour) that develop during or soon after intoxication with or withdrawal from alcohol. The intensity or duration of the symptoms is substantially in excess of anxiety symptoms that are characteristic of Alcohol intoxication or Alcohol withdrawal. The amount and duration of alcohol use must be capable of producing anxiety symptoms. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder (e.g., an Anxiety and Fear-Related Disorder, a Depressive Disorder with prominent anxiety symptoms), as might be the case if the anxiety symptoms preceded the onset of the alcohol use, if the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time after cessation of the alcohol use or withdrawal, or if there is other evidence of a pre-existing primary mental disorder with anxiety symptoms (e.g., a history of prior episodes not associated with alcohol use).

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C40.Y Other specified disorders due to use of alcohol

6C40.Z Disorders due to use of alcohol unspecified

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.