Disorders Due To Use Of Synthetic Cannabinoids – ICD 11 Codes

Definition of Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids: Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids are characterised by the pattern and consequences of synthetic cannabinoid use. Synthetic cannabinoids are synthesized diverse chemical compounds that are potent agonists for endogenous cannabinoid receptors. There are several hundred such compounds. The synthetic compound is typically sprayed onto a vehicle such as cannabis or tea leaves and then smoked. The effect of these compounds is distinctly different from smoking naturally cultivated cannabis in that the euphoric effects are typically accompanied or dominated by psychotic-like symptoms (e.g., paranoia, hallucinations, and disorganized behavior). Synthetic Cannabinoid Intoxication may therefore present more frequently with psychotic symptoms in addition to the more typical effects of cannabis. Synthetic cannabinoids are also dependence-producing and Synthetic Cannabinoid Dependence and Synthetic Cannabinoid Withdrawal are recognized. Synthetic Cannabinoid-Induced Mental Disorders also occur; in particular Synthetic Cannabinoid-Induced Psychotic Disorder is recognized.

ICD 11 Code For Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids

  6C42  Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids

Exclusions:

6C42.0 Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids

Definition of Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids: An episode of use of a synthetic cannabinoid that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour due to synthetic cannabinoid intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of single episode of harmful use applies. This diagnosis should not be made if the harm is attributed to a known pattern of synthetic cannabinoid use.

Exclusions:

  • Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.1)
  • Synthetic cannabinoid dependence (6C42.2)

6C42.1 Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids

Definition of Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids: A pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. The pattern of synthetic cannabinoid use is evident over a period of at least 12 months if substance use is episodic or at least one month if use is continuous (i.e., daily or almost daily). Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour related to synthetic cannabinoid intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids applies.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Synthetic cannabinoid dependence (6C42.2)

6C42.10 Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids episodic

Definition of Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids episodic: A pattern of episodic or intermittent use of synthetic cannabinoids that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. The pattern of episodic synthetic cannabinoid use is evident over a period of at least 12 months. Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour related to synthetic cannabinoid intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids applies.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Synthetic cannabinoid dependence (6C42.2)

6C42.11 Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids continuous

Definition of Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids continuous: A pattern of continuous (daily or almost daily) use of synthetic cannabinoids that has caused damage to a person’s physical or mental health or has resulted in behaviour leading to harm to the health of others. The pattern of continuous synthetic cannabinoid use is evident over a period of at least one month. Harm to health of the individual occurs due to one or more of the following: (1) behaviour related to intoxication; (2) direct or secondary toxic effects on body organs and systems; or (3) a harmful route of administration. Harm to health of others includes any form of physical harm, including trauma, or mental disorder that is directly attributable to behaviour related to synthetic cannabinoid intoxication on the part of the person to whom the diagnosis of Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids applies.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Synthetic cannabinoid dependence (6C42.2)

6C42.1Y Other specified harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids

6C42.1Z Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids unspecified

6C42.2 Synthetic cannabinoid dependence

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid dependence: Synthetic cannabinoid dependence is a disorder of regulation of synthetic cannabinoid use arising from repeated or continuous use of synthetic cannabinoids. The characteristic feature is a strong internal drive to use synthetic cannabinoids, which is manifested by impaired ability to control use, increasing priority given to use over other activities and persistence of use despite harm or negative consequences. These experiences are often accompanied by a subjective sensation of urge or craving to use synthetic cannabinoids. Physiological features of dependence may also be present, including tolerance to the effects of synthetic cannabinoids, withdrawal symptoms following cessation or reduction in use of synthetic cannabinoids, or repeated use of synthetic cannabinoids or pharmacologically similar substances to prevent or alleviate withdrawal symptoms. The features of dependence are usually evident over a period of at least 12 months but the diagnosis may be made if synthetic cannabinoid use is continuous (daily or almost daily) for at least 3 months.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.1)

6C42.20 Synthetic cannabinoid dependence current use

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid dependence current use: Current synthetic cannabinoid dependence with use of synthetic cannabinoids within the past month.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.1)

6C42.21 Synthetic cannabinoid dependence early full remission

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid dependence early full remission: After a diagnosis of synthetic cannabinoid dependence, and often following a treatment episode or other intervention (including self-help intervention), the individual has been abstinent from synthetic cannabinoid use during a period lasting from between 1 and 12 months.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.1)

6C42.22 Synthetic cannabinoid dependence sustained partial remission

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid dependence sustained partial remission: After a diagnosis of synthetic cannabinoid dependence, and often following a treatment episode or other intervention (including self-help intervention), there is a significant reduction in synthetic cannabinoid consumption for more than 12 months, such that even though synthetic cannabinoid use has occurred during this period, the definitional requirements for dependence have not been met.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.1)

6C42.23 Synthetic cannabinoid dependence sustained full remission

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid dependence sustained full remission: After a diagnosis of synthetic cannabinoid dependence, and often following a treatment episode or other intervention (including self-intervention), the person has been abstinent from synthetic cannabinoid use for 12 months or longer.

Exclusions:

  • Episode of harmful use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.0)
  • Harmful pattern of use of synthetic cannabinoids (6C42.1)

6C42.2Y Other specified synthetic cannabinoid dependence

6C42.2Z Synthetic cannabinoid dependence unspecified

6C42.3 Synthetic cannabinoid intoxication

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid intoxication: Synthetic cannabinoid intoxication is a clinically significant transient condition that develops during or shortly after the consumption of synthetic cannabinoids that is characterised by disturbances in consciousness, cognition, perception, affect, behaviour, or coordination. These disturbances are caused by the known pharmacological effects of synthetic cannabinoids and their intensity is closely related to the amount of synthetic cannabinoid consumed. They are time-limited and abate as synthetic cannabinoid is cleared from the body. Presenting features may include inappropriate euphoria, impaired attention, impaired judgment, perceptual alterations (such as the sensation of floating, altered perception of time), changes in sociability, increased appetite, anxiety, intensification of ordinary experiences, impaired short-term memory, and sluggishness. Physical signs include conjunctival injection (red or bloodshot eyes) and tachycardia. Intoxication with synthetic cannabinoids may also cause delirium or acute psychosis.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C42.4 Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal: Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal is a clinically significant cluster of symptoms, behaviours and/or physiological features, varying in degree of severity and duration, that occurs upon cessation or reduction of use of synthetic cannabinoids in individuals who have developed Synthetic cannabinoid dependence or have used synthetic cannabinoids for a prolonged period or in large amounts. Presenting features of Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal may include irritability, anger, aggression, shakiness, insomnia and disturbing dreams, restlessness, anxiety, depressed mood and appetite disturbance. In the early phase, Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal may be accompanied by residual features of intoxication from the drug, such as paranoid ideation and auditory and visual hallucinations.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C42.5 Synthetic cannabinoid-induced delirium

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid-induced delirium: Synthetic cannabinoid-induced delirium is characterised by an acute state of disturbed attention and awareness with specific features of delirium that develops during or soon after substance intoxication or withdrawal or during the use of synthetic cannabinoids. The amount and duration of synthetic cannabinoid use must be capable of producing delirium. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder, by use of or withdrawal from a different substance, or by another health condition that is not classified under Mental, behavioural and neurodevelopmental disorders.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C42.6 Synthetic cannabinoid-induced psychotic disorder

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid-induced psychotic disorder: Synthetic cannabinoid-induced psychotic disorder is characterised by psychotic symptoms (e.g., delusions, hallucinations, disorganised thinking, grossly disorganised behaviour) that develop during or soon after intoxication with or withdrawal from synthetic cannabinoids. The intensity or duration of the symptoms is substantially in excess of psychotic-like disturbances of perception, cognition, or behaviour that are characteristic of Synthetic cannabinoid intoxication or Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal. The amount and duration of synthetic cannabinoid use must be capable of producing psychotic symptoms. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder (e.g., Schizophrenia, a Mood disorder with psychotic symptoms), as might be the case if the psychotic symptoms preceded the onset of the synthetic cannabinoid use, if the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time after cessation of the synthetic cannabinoid use or withdrawal, or if there is other evidence of a pre-existing primary mental disorder with psychotic symptoms (e.g., a history of prior episodes not associated with synthetic cannabinoid use).

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C42.7 Certain specified synthetic cannabinoids-induced mental or behavioural disorders

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C42.70 Synthetic cannabinoid-induced mood disorder

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid-induced mood disorder: Synthetic cannabinoid-induced mood disorder is characterised by mood symptoms (e.g., depressed or elevated mood, decreased engagement in pleasurable activities, increased or decreased energy levels) that develop during or soon after intoxication with or withdrawal from synthetic cannabinoids. The intensity or duration of the symptoms is substantially in excess of mood disturbances that are characteristic of Synthetic cannabinoid intoxication or Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal. The amount and duration of synthetic cannabinoid use must be capable of producing mood symptoms. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder (e.g., a Depressive disorder, a Bipolar disorder, Schizoaffective disorder), as might be the case if the mood symptoms preceded the onset of the synthetic cannabinoid use, if the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time after cessation of the synthetic cannabinoid use or withdrawal, or if there is other evidence of a pre-existing primary mental disorder with mood symptoms (e.g., a history of prior episodes not associated with synthetic cannabinoid use).

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C42.71 Synthetic cannabinoid-induced anxiety disorder

Definition of Synthetic cannabinoid-induced anxiety disorder: Synthetic cannabinoid-induced anxiety disorder is characterised by anxiety symptoms (e.g., apprehension or worry, fear, physiological symptoms of excessive autonomic arousal, avoidance behaviour) that develop during or soon after intoxication with or withdrawal from synthetic cannabinoids. The intensity or duration of the symptoms is substantially in excess of anxiety symptoms that are characteristic of Synthetic cannabinoid intoxication or Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal. The amount and duration of synthetic cannabinoid use must be capable of producing anxiety symptoms. The symptoms are not better explained by a primary mental disorder (e.g., an Anxiety and Fear-Related Disorder, a Depressive Disorder with prominent anxiety symptoms), as might be the case if the anxiety symptoms preceded the onset of the synthetic cannabinoid use, if the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time after cessation of the synthetic cannabinoid use or withdrawal, or if there is other evidence of a pre-existing primary mental disorder with anxiety symptoms (e.g., a history of prior episodes not associated with synthetic cannabinoid use).

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6C42.Y Other specified disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids

6C42.Z Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids unspecified

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