Feeding Or Eating Disorders – Definitions & ICD 11 Codes

Definition of : Feeding and Eating Disorders involve abnormal eating or feeding behaviours that are not explained by another health condition and are not developmentally appropriate or culturally sanctioned. Feeding disorders involve behavioural disturbances that are not related to body weight and shape concerns, such as eating of non-edible substances or voluntary regurgitation of foods. Eating disorders involve abnormal eating behaviour and preoccupation with food as well as prominent body weight and shape concerns.

Anorexia Nervosa

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa: Anorexia Nervosa is characterised by significantly low body weight for the individual’s height, age and developmental stage that is not due to another health condition or to the unavailability of food. A commonly used threshold is body mass index (BMI) less than 18.5 kg/m2 in adults and BMI-for-age under 5th percentile in children and adolescents. Rapid weight loss (e.g. more than 20% of total body weight within 6 months) may replace the low body weight guideline as long as other diagnostic requirements are met. Children and adolescents may exhibit failure to gain weight as expected based on the individual developmental trajectory rather than weight loss. Low body weight is accompanied by a persistent pattern of behaviours to prevent restoration of normal weight, which may include behaviours aimed at reducing energy intake (restricted eating), purging behaviours (e.g. self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives), and behaviours aimed at increasing energy expenditure (e.g. excessive exercise), typically associated with a fear of weight gain. Low body weight or shape is central to the person’s self-evaluation or is inaccurately perceived to be normal or even excessive.

ICD 11 Code For Anorexia Nervosa

  6B80  Anorexia Nervosa

6B80.0 Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight: Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight meets all definitional requirements for Anorexia Nervosa, with BMI between 18.5 kg/m2 and 14.0 kg/m² for adults or between the fifth percentile and the 0.3 percentile for BMI-for-age in children and adolescents).

6B80.00 Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight restricting pattern

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight restricting pattern: Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight, restricting pattern refers to individuals who meet the definitional requirements of Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight and who induce weight loss and maintain low body weight through restricted food intake or fasting alone or in combination with increased energy expenditure (such as through excessive exercise) but who do not engage in binge eating or purging behaviours.

6B80.01 Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight binge-purge pattern

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight binge-purge pattern: Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight, binge-purge pattern refers to individuals who meet the definitional requirements of Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight and who present with episodes of binge eating or purging behaviours. These individuals induce weight loss and maintain low body weight through restricted food intake, commonly accompanied by significant purging behaviours aimed at getting rid of ingested food (e.g. self-induced vomiting, laxative abuse or enemas). This pattern also includes individuals who exhibit binge eating episodes but do not purge.

6B80.0Z Anorexia Nervosa with significantly low body weight unspecified

6B80.1 Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight: Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight meets all definitional requirements for Anorexia Nervosa, with BMI under 14.0 kg/m² in adults or under the 0.3rd percentile for BMI-for-age in children and adolescents. In the context of Anorexia Nervosa, severe underweight status is an important prognostic factor that is associated with high risk of physical complications and substantially increased mortality.

6B80.10 Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight restricting pattern

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight restricting pattern: Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight, restricting pattern refers to individuals who meet the definitional requirements of Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight and who induce weight loss and maintain low body weight through restricted food intake or fasting alone or in combination with increased energy expenditure (such as through excessive exercise) but who do not engage in binge eating or purging behaviours.

6B80.11 Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight binge-purge pattern

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight binge-purge pattern: Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight, binge-purge pattern refers to individuals who meet the definitional requirements of Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight and who present with episodes of binge eating or purging behaviours. These individuals induce weight loss and maintain low body weight through restricted food intake, commonly accompanied by significant purging behaviours aimed at getting rid of ingested food (e.g. self-induced vomiting, laxative abuse or enemas). This pattern also includes individuals who exhibit binge eating episodes but do not purge.

6B80.1Z Anorexia Nervosa with dangerously low body weight unspecified

6B80.2 Anorexia Nervosa in recovery with normal body weight

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa in recovery with normal body weight: Among individuals who are recovering from Anorexia Nervosa and whose body weight is more than 18.5 kg/m2 for adults or over the fifth percentile for BMI-for-age for children and adolescents, the diagnosis should be retained until a full and lasting recovery is achieved, as indicated by the maintenance of a healthy weight and the cessation of behaviours aimed at reducing body weight independent of the provision of treatment (e.g., for at least 1 year after intensive treatment is withdrawn).

6B80.Y Other specified anorexia Nervosa

6B80.Z Anorexia Nervosa unspecified

Bulimia Nervosa

Definition of Bulimia Nervosa: Bulimia Nervosa is characterised by frequent, recurrent episodes of binge eating (e.g. once a week or more over a period of at least one month). A binge eating episode is a distinct period of time during which the individual experiences a subjective loss of control over eating, eating notably more or differently than usual, and feels unable to stop eating or limit the type or amount of food eaten. Binge eating is accompanied by repeated inappropriate compensatory behaviours aimed at preventing weight gain (e.g. self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives or enemas, strenuous exercise). The individual is preoccupied with body shape or weight, which strongly influences self-evaluation. There is marked distress about the pattern of binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviour or significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning. The individual does not meet the diagnostic requirements of Anorexia Nervosa.

ICD 11 Code For Bulimia Nervosa

  6B81  Bulimia Nervosa

Exclusions:

  • Binge eating disorder (6B82)

Binge eating disorder

Definition of Binge eating disorder: Binge eating disorder is characterised by frequent, recurrent episodes of binge eating (e.g. once a week or more over a period of several months). A binge eating episode is a distinct period of time during which the individual experiences a subjective loss of control over eating, eating notably more or differently than usual, and feels unable to stop eating or limit the type or amount of food eaten. Binge eating is experienced as very distressing, and is often accompanied by negative emotions such as guilt or disgust. However, unlike in Bulimia Nervosa, binge eating episodes are not regularly followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviours aimed at preventing weight gain (e.g. self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives or enemas, strenuous exercise). There is marked distress about the pattern of binge eating or significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning.

ICD 11 Code For Binge eating disorder

  6B82  Binge eating disorder

Exclusions:

  • Bulimia Nervosa (6B81)

Avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder

Definition of Avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder: Avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is characterised by avoidance or restriction of food intake that results in: 1) the intake of an insufficient quantity or variety of food to meet adequate energy or nutritional requirements that has resulted in significant weight loss, clinically significant nutritional deficiencies, dependence on oral nutritional supplements or tube feeding, or has otherwise negatively affected the physical health of the individual; or 2) significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning (e.g.,due to avoidance or distress related to participating in social experiences involving eating). The pattern of eating behaviour is not motivated by preoccupation with body weight or shape. Restricted food intake and its effects on weight, other aspects of health, or functioning is not due to unavailability of food, not a manifestation of another medical condition (e.g. food allergies, hyperthyroidism) or mental disorder, and are not due to the effect of a substance or medication on the central nervous system including withdrawal effects.

ICD 11 Code For Avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder

  6B83  Avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder

Exclusions:

  • Anorexia Nervosa (6B80)
  • Feeding problem of infant (MG43.30)
  • Feeding problems of newborn (KD32)

Pica

Definition of Pica: Pica is characterised by the regular consumption of non-nutritive substances, such as non-food objects and materials (e.g., clay, soil, chalk, plaster, plastic, metal and paper) or raw food ingredients (e.g., large quantities of salt or corn flour) that is persistent or severe enough to require clinical attention in an individual who has reached a developmental age at which they would be expected to distinguish between edible and non-edible substances (approximately 2 years). That is, the behaviour causes damage to health, impairment in functioning, or significant risk due to the frequency, amount or nature of the substances or objects ingested.

ICD 11 Code For Pica

  6B84  Pica

Rumination-regurgitation disorder

Definition of Rumination-regurgitation disorder: Rumination-regurgitation disorder is characterised by the intentional and repeated bringing up of previously swallowed food back to the mouth (i.e., regurgitation), which may be re-chewed and re-swallowed (i.e. rumination), or may be deliberately spat out (but not as in vomiting). The regurgitation behaviour is frequent (at least several times per week) and sustained over a period of at least several weeks. The regurgitation behaviour is not fully accounted for by another medical condition that directly causes regurgitation (e.g., oesophageal strictures or neuromuscular disorders affecting oesophageal functioning) or causes nausea or vomiting (e.g. pyloric stenosis). Rumination-regurgitation disorder should only be diagnosed in individuals who have reached a developmental age of at least 2 years.

ICD 11 Code For Rumination-regurgitation disorder

  6B85  Rumination-regurgitation disorder

Exclusions:

  • Adult rumination syndrome (DD90.6)
  • Nausea or vomiting (MD90)

Other specified feeding or eating disorders

ICD 11 Code For Other specified feeding or eating disorders

  6B8Y  Other specified feeding or eating disorders

Feeding or eating disorders unspecified

ICD 11 Code For Feeding or eating disorders unspecified

  6B8Z  Feeding or eating disorders unspecified

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.