This article will outline the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and the ICD 10 CM code for Hypotonia.
Hypotonia ICD 10 Causes
Neurological disorders that affect the central nervous system and can cause Hypotonia ICD 10 include:
- cerebral palsy: a neurological problem that arises after birth and can affect the childhood movement and coordination of the brain and spinal cord
- injuries: including bleeds in the brain
- serious infections: such as meningitis, an infection of the outer meninges
- encephalitis: infection of the brain itself
- muscular dystrophy: a group of genetic disorders that cause muscle weakness and lead to increased and variable levels of disability
- myasthenia gravis: a disease that causes weakness and increased fatigue (hypotension) in adults
- babies born to mothers with the disease
- adults affected by hypotension
- spinal muscular atrophy: a genetic disorder that causes muscle weakness and progressive movement loss
- Charcot-Marie dental disease: an inherited disease
If the cause of hypotension is located in the muscle, it is classified as muscular dystrophy. If one assumes that the cause is nerve hypotonia, then one speaks of Hypotonia polyneuropathy. If it is in the brain, it can be classified as cerebral palsy. This narrows the possible causes.
Hypotonia ICD 10 Symptoms
Hypotonia ICD 10 symptoms vary depending on the underlying cause of the problem. Symptoms include decreased muscle tone (muscles feel soft and doughy), the ability to stretch limbs beyond their normal limits, failure to reach motor development milestones (such as holding the head without parent support, rolling, sitting without support and walking), problems feeding (inability to suck or chew), prolonged periods of shallow breathing, the mouth swinging open and the tongue sticking out and an active gag reflex. The following are some of the most common symptoms related to hypotension. Some of these symptoms can also occur in children.
The function and intelligence of the child’s central nervous system is normal. The child acquires coarse motor skills (sitting, walking, running and jumping) faster than most others. Hypotonia is not progressive and of unknown origin, a condition known as benign congenital hypotension. Children with the condition do not experience developmental delays.
Hypotonia ICD 10 Diagnosis
The signs and symptoms of Hypotonia ICD 10 are similar to those of other diseases. Consult a doctor for a diagnosis. The approach to diagnosing the cause of hypotension syndrome in neurology is the first localization. The doctor determines whether the hypotension is due to muscles, neuromuscular connections or nerves as the central cause.
The patient’s diagnosis includes family history and a physical exam, which may include additional tests such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalogram (EEG), blood tests, genetic tests such as chromosome caryotyping (a test for specific genomic abnormalities), spinal tapping, electromyography, muscle tests and muscle and nerve biopsies. Mild or benign hypotension can be diagnosed by a physiotherapist or occupational therapist with a series of exercises aimed at assessing developmental progress and observing physical interactions. Many cases go undiagnosed at all.
A common sign of a quiet infant is the tendency to observe the physical activity of another quiet infant for long periods of time and to try to mimic the frustration of an earlier failure. A hypotonic child may have difficulty deciphering its spatial location, and it may have recognizable coping mechanisms, such as blocking the knees while walking. Developmental delays can also indicate hypotension.
Hypotonia ICD 10 Treatment
Hypotonia ICD 10 treatment varies depending on how the child is affected. The overall health and the ability of children to participate in therapy will shape the treatment plan.
In some cases, children need help with coordination and other fine motor skills. You can also work with a physiotherapist. Depending on the children’s abilities, they can work towards certain goals, such as sitting upright, walking or playing sports. Some children with serious illnesses may need a wheelchair for their mobility.
This condition can loosen joints, and it is common for joints to have a dislocation. Braces or plaster can help prevent or correct these joint dislocations.
ICD 10 Code For Hypotonia
ICD 10 CM P94.2 Congenital hypotonia