This article will outline the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and the ICD 10 CM code for Down Syndrome.
ICD 10 Code Down Syndrome Causes
Down Syndrome ICD 10 is developed at birth. Human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes. One chromosome in each pair comes from the father and the other from the mother.
Down Syndrome ICD 10 occurs when there is an abnormal cell division with chromosome 21. This can lead to an additional, partial or complete chromosome 21. These additional chromosomes are responsible for some of the characteristic features and developmental problems of Down Syndrome ICD 10.
About 95 percent of cases of Down Syndrome ICD 10 are caused by trisomy 21, in which a person has three copies of chromosome 21 in each cell instead of the usual two. Mosaic syndrome is a rare form of Down Syndrome ICD 10 in which a person or cell has an additional copy of chromosomes 21. The additional chromosome 21 causes abnormal cell division during fertilization. This can lead to abnormal cell division during the development of sperm and eggs.
This syndrome occurs when a part of chromosome 21 is attached to another (translocated) chromosome at conception. The child has the usual two copies of chromosome 21, but they have additional genetic material on chromosome 21 attached to the chromosome.
ICD 10 Code Down Syndrome Symptoms
At birth, babies with Down Syndrome ICD 10 exhibit certain characteristic features, including:
- a flat face and ears
- a small head and ears
- a short neck
- a bulging tongue and eyes
- slanting ears
- poor muscle tone.
- Infants with Down Syndrome ICD 10 are born of average height and develop similarly to children without Down Syndrome ICD 10. There is no known behavioural or environmental factor that causes the syndrome. The likelihood of having a baby with Down syndrome ICD 10 is estimated by screening during pregnancy, and patients who have no symptoms can carry a child with the condition.
Medical complications associated with the syndrome include:
- congenital heart defects
- hearing loss
- vision impairment (cataracts, clouded eyes)
- hip problems such as dislocations
- chronic constipation
- sleep apnea (difficulty breathing while sleeping)
- thinking and memory problems
- late tooth growth (quewing problems)
- Alzheimer’s later in life.
- People with Down syndrome ICD 10 are prone to infections. They can struggle with respiratory, urinary and skin infections. Mental and social developmental delays mean that children exhibit impulsive behaviour, poor judgment, short attention spans, and slow learning. People with Down syndrome ICD 10 may have some degree of developmental disability, but it can be mild or moderate.
ICD 10 Code Down Syndrome Diagnosis
Diagnostic tests are carried out after a positive screening test to confirm the diagnosis of Down Syndrome ICD 10. These tests look for chromosomal abnormalities that indicate a Down syndrome ICD 10 diagnosis. Diagnostic tests include the removal of the chorionic villus (CVS), in which material from the placenta is examined. Percutaneous umbilical cord blood collection (PUBS) examines blood from the umbilical cord and umbilical cord.
ICD 10 Code Down Syndrome Treatment
Down Syndrome ICD 10 is not curable. Early treatment programmes can help improve skills. This includes speech, physical, occupational and educational therapies. With support and treatment, many people with Down syndrome ICD 10 can lead happy and productive lives.
ICD 10 Code For Down Syndrome
ICD 10 CM Q90 Down
Related ICD 10 CM Codes:
ICD 10 CM Q90.0
ICD 10 CM Q90.1
ICD 10 CM Q90.2
ICD 10 CM Q90.9 Down