Obesity is defined by abnormal fat accumulation and can cause various health issues. Obesity has become an increasingly prevalent problem among populations of all ages. Obesity is a complex condition that can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental and metabolic factors. The number of obese individuals worldwide has increased from 26 million in 1975 to 422 million. This article will outline the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and ICD 10 codes for obesity.
What Is Obesity?
The most common ways of classifying this obesity are to categorise as underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese, and very obese. Most of the time people who are not obese in all 3 of these respects are termed as pre-obese. The most common indicator of obesity is obesity in which a person’s Body Mass Index (BMI) is greater than or equal to 30, that is Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than or equal to 25 is considered as underweight. BMI is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters. It is a measure of a person’s body fat based on height and weight.
What Are The Causes Of Obesity?
Obesity can be cause by an unhealthy lifestyle due to overeating. But there are many other causes that can lead to obesity. Possible causes of obesity include genetic factors, growth hormones, environment and poor nutrition. The following health issues are the most common causes.
- Insulin resistance.
- Hypoglycemia, especially in diabetes.
- Unintentional weight gain.
- Insufficient physical activity.
Other causes of obesity are less common and include:
- Chronic inflammation.
- High cholesterol.
What Are The Symptoms Of Obesity?
The symptoms of obesity are present as well as the symptoms of the other diseases. These include things such as the following:
- Muscle cramps
- Feeling hungry all the time
- Low mood Constipation
- Droopy eyelids
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Stomach bloating
- Frequent urination
- Puffy face
- Eyes that look sunken in
- Irregular sleep
- Slow heartbeat
- Acid reflux
- Early menopause
- A lump under your armpit
- Heartburn or heart failure
- Gastric ulcers
How Is Obesity Diagnosed?
Some of the symptoms associated with Obesity are weight gain, lack of weight control, lack of energy, infertility, inability to exercise and lack of strength. Some of the tests used for diagnosis are x-ray examination, blood sugar tests, and doctor observations. The results of these tests help doctors determine whether the person is healthy or has a condition. Obese people are at risk of several health complications including an increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, infertility, etc.
Treatment For Obesity
Obesity is treated with surgical intervention if needed. Obesity can be treated by various surgeries such as gastric bypass and gastric band. Some diets such as the WLC and Aerobic Protocol are also used to treat obesity. Lifestyle change also includes exercising, modifying one’s diet and adopting alternative therapies.
Blood Sugar Tests Risk of diabetes is increased in obese individuals as they have obesity as a result of abdominal fat. Therefore, fasting blood glucose tests are done to check for the presence of blood sugar levels which are too high or too low. If the blood sugar levels are not well regulated then the patient is advised to avoid foods that cause high blood sugar levels.
ICD 10 Codes For Obesity
Recommended ICD 10 Codes For Obesity
Obesity Codes That Are Stigmatizing And Should Be Avoided
BMI Codes Z68.XX
ICD 10 Z68.25-29.9: Body mass index (BMI) 25-29.9, adult.
ICD 10 Z68.30-Z68.39: Body mass index (BMI) 30.0-39.9, adult.
ICD 10 Z68.4: Body mass index (BMI) 40 or greater, adult.
ICD 10 Z68.41: Body mass index (BMI) 40.0-44.9, adult.
ICD 10 Z68.42: Body mass index (BMI) 45.0-49.9, adult.
ICD 10 Z68.43: Body mass index (BMI) 50-59.9, adult.
ICD 10 Z68.44: Body mass index (BMI) 60.0-69.9, adult.
ICD 10 Z68.45: Body mass index (BMI) 70 or greater, adult.
Counseling ICD 10 codes you can use
ICD 10 Z71.3: Dietary counseling and surveillance.
ICD 10 Z71.89: Other specified counseling (including exercise counseling).