ICD 10 CM M25.449 | Description & Clinical Information

ICD 10 M25.449 describes a medical condition characterized by an accumulation of fluid within the joint or surrounding tissues of an unspecified hand, which can be caused by various factors such as injuries, infections, and certain types of arthritis, and is documented by the provider without specifying whether it affects the left or right hand.

Official Description Of M25.449

The ICD 10 CM book defines ICD 10 code M25.449 as:

Effusion, unspecified hand
Parent Code Notes: M25.4

Excludes1: hydrarthrosis in yaws (A66.6)
intermittent hydrarthrosis (M12.4-)
other infective (teno)synovitis (M65.1-)

Parent Code Notes: M25

Excludes2: abnormality of gait and mobility (R26.-)
acquired deformities of limb (M20-M21)
calcification of bursa (M71.4-)
calcification of shoulder (joint) (M75.3)
calcification of tendon (M65.2-)
difficulty in walking (R26.2)
temporomandibular joint disorder (M26.6-)

Clinical Information

The diagnosis describes by the ICD 10 CM M25.449 code is effusion of a hand joint. This condition is characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the joint, resulting in pain, swelling, warmth, stiffness, and restricted movement of the affected joint. Effusion of a hand joint is a common condition that can affect people of all ages and genders. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as trauma, infection, or a chronic disease.

Effusion of a hand joint is diagnosed by healthcare providers through the patient’s medical history, including any prior injuries or illnesses, a physical examination, and imaging tests, such as X-rays, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). During the physical exam, the healthcare provider will evaluate the joint for signs of swelling, tenderness, and warmth. They may also manipulate the joint to assess its range of motion and evaluate any pain or discomfort.

The imaging tests, such as X-rays and MRI, help healthcare providers to identify any underlying structural abnormalities or other contributing factors that may be causing the effusion in the joint. In some cases, lab tests may also be used to help diagnose the condition.

Depending on the underlying cause of the effusion, treatment for effusion of a hand joint may involve the administration of medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, antirheumatic medications, or antibiotics. Pain can be alleviated with joint aspiration, which involves using a needle to drain the fluid buildup from the affected joint.

Patients with effusion of a hand joint can also benefit from a number of home remedies, such as applying moist heat or ice to the joint, resting the joint, and performing gentle exercises to improve joint mobility and reduce inflammation. It is also important to keep the joint elevated as much as possible to help reduce swelling and inflammation.

In conclusion, effusion of a hand joint is a painful condition that can have a significant impact on a patient’s quality of life. Accurate diagnosis and timely treatment are essential to manage the symptoms and improve the patient’s overall health outcomes. Healthcare providers rely on a combination of medical history, physical examination, and advanced imaging techniques to diagnose effusion of a hand joint and develop an effective treatment plan. By following their healthcare providers’ instructions and adopting healthy lifestyle habits, patients can manage their symptoms and prevent the recurrence of effusion of a hand joint.

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