ICD 10 CM S55.102S | Description & Clinical Information

ICD 10 S55.102S describes a medical condition characterized by an unspecified injury to the radial artery of the left arm, which is a significant blood vessel responsible for supplying oxygenated blood to the forearm, and this injury can be caused by various factors such as blunt or penetrating trauma from a motor vehicle accident, contact with broken glass, a puncture or gunshot wound, or injury during surgery or diagnostic procedure, and in this case, the provider has not documented the nature of the injury for the sequela, which is a condition resulting from the initial injury.

Official Description Of S55.102S

The ICD 10 CM book defines ICD 10 code S55.102S as:

Unspecified injury of radial artery at forearm level, left arm, sequela
Parent Code Notes: S55

Excludes2: injury of blood vessels at wrist and hand level (S65.-)
injury of brachial vessels (S45.1-S45.2)

Code also: any associated open wound (S51.-)

Clinical Information

The diagnosis describes by the ICD 10 CM code S55.102S refers to an unspecified injury of the radial artery of the left arm. Such an injury can cause a multitude of symptoms, including pain, hemorrhage, swelling with hematoma, a sensation of a cold upper limb, paleness of the skin, hematoma, numbness and tingling, axillary bruising, weakness, hypotension or low blood pressure, decreased blood flow with diminished or absent radial pulse, inability to move the affected arm, bleeding or blood clot, and pseudoaneurysm.

Diagnosing this injury often involves a combination of gathering the patient’s history of trauma and conducting a thorough physical examination, including assessing sensation, reflexes, and vascular assessment, including the presence of bruits. In some cases, healthcare providers may also order laboratory studies of the blood, such as arterial blood gases, and imaging studies such as X-rays, ultrasound, angiography, arteriography, duplex doppler scan, MRA, and CTA.

Once a diagnosis of S55.102S is made, healthcare providers may recommend treatment options based on the severity of the injury. The first and most crucial step may involve achieving hemostasis to stop any active bleeding. Observational techniques may also be employed to monitor the injury while allowing the body to heal naturally. However, endovascular surgery may be necessary in more severe cases to repair the damaged vessel.

It is important to note that swift and proper diagnosis and treatment of radial artery injuries are of the utmost importance. Failure to identify and address such injuries promptly can result in long-term damage, including permanent loss of sensation or movement in the arm, as well as the risk of severe infection and the possibility of the injury progressing to a more severe state.

If you have experienced trauma to your left arm, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately, report your symptoms in detail, and follow your healthcare provider’s treatment recommendations closely. By taking proactive steps and receiving prompt medical attention, you can help prevent further complications and facilitate a speedy recovery.

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