This article outlines the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and ICD 10 CM codes for Bronchiectasis.
Bronchiectasis ICD 10 Causes
Bronchiectasis ICD 10 can be diagnosed when the the patient is diagnosed with Bronchiectasis. Bronchiectasis ICD 10 occurs when the airways of the lungs are damaged and expand. This can be the result of an infection or other condition, but the cause is not always known.
The lungs are exposed to germs and the body has sophisticated defences to protect the lungs from infection. When foreign substances such as bacteria or viruses fail these defenses, the immune system tries to stop the spread of the infection by sending white blood cells to the site of infection. These cells release chemicals to fight the infection, causing the surrounding tissue to become inflamed.
When bronchiectasis ICD 10 occurs, inflammation destroys the elastic tissue and muscles surrounding the bronchial airways, causing them to expand. In most people, the inflammation passes and causes no further problems.
If the lungs become infected, this can lead to further inflammation and an enlargement of the bronchi. Abnormal bronchi can fill with excess mucus, which triggers persistent coughing and makes the lungs more susceptible to infection. If the cycle is repeated, the damage to the lungs becomes worse.
In bronchiectasis ICD 10 the progress can be very different. For some people it is very bad, but for many it is very slow.
In about half of the cases of bronchiectasis ICD 10 no obvious cause is found. However, common triggers can be identified as described below.
About a third of bronchiectasis ICD 10 cases in adults are associated with serious childhood pulmonary infections such as severe pneumonia, whooping cough, tuberculosis (TB) and measles. Although vaccinations against these infections are available, infections in childhood are expected to be a more common cause of the disease in the future. In some cases, bronchitis occurs when a person has a weakened immune system, leaving their lungs vulnerable to tissue damage.
The medical term for a weakened immune system is immunodeficiency. Some people are born with an immunodeficiency, a problem with a gene inherited from their parents. It is also possible to get the disease from an infection such as HIV.
Some people with bronchiectasis ICD 10 develop the disease as a complication of an allergic disease known as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). People with the condition have an allergy to a fungal type called Aspergillus, which occurs in a variety of environments around the world. If a person inhales fungal spores with ABPA, this triggers an allergic reaction and persistent inflammation, which in turn leads to bronchiectasia.
Aspiration is the medical term for stomach contents that pass from the lungs into the gastrointestinal tract. The lungs are sensitive to foreign bodies such as small samples of food or stomach acid, which can trigger inflammation that can lead to bronchiectasis ICD 10. In CF, a common genetic disease, the lungs become clogged with mucus. This provides an ideal environment for bacterial infections leading to the symptoms of bronchitis.
Cilia are tiny, hair-like structures that line the airways of the lungs. Ciliaries protect the respiratory tract and help to remove excess mucus.
Bronchiectasis ICD 10 can develop, however, if there is a problem with the ciliary hairs, which means that they are not able to remove mucus from the airways. The rules on the use of mercury are now stricter than in the past, and it is expected that Youngs syndrome will become a more common cause of bronchiectasia in the future.
Certain diseases that cause inflammation in other parts of the body are also associated with bronchiectasis ICD 10. These include rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogrens syndrome, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Bronchiectasis ICD 10 Symptoms
The symptoms of Bronchiectasis ICD 10 are thought to be caused by problems with the immune system as it attacks healthy tissue. The most common symptoms of Bronchiectasis ICD 10 are:
- cough, which leads to a lot of mucus (cough, mucus, blood or mucus with blood in it, also known as hemoptysis)
- chest pain
- tightness (it is hard to breathe)
- wheezing (whistling while breathing)
- nail loss
- weight loss
- increased shortness of breath
- night sweats
Bronchiectasis ICD 10 Diagnosis
A chest computed tomography (CT) scan is the most common test to diagnose bronchiectasis ICD 10 because chest X-rays do not provide enough detail. A chest CT scan gives a more accurate picture of the airways and other structures in the breast. It can show the extent and location of lung damage. If the bronchitis is confirmed by a CT scan, the doctor will try to determine the cause of the disease based on the patients history, physical examination and findings.
There are numerous causes that lead to bronchiectasis ICD 10 or can contribute to it. It is important to find the exact cause so that doctors can treat the underlying disorder and prevent the condition from getting worse. The assessment of the underlying disease can consist of microbiological laboratory tests and lung function tests.
Their initial assessment includes a complete blood count, differential immunoglobulin levels (IGG-IgA) and sputum culture to investigate bacteria, mycobacteria and fungi. If the doctor suspects CF, he / she orders a sweat chloride test and a genetic test.
Bronchiectasis ICD 10 Treatments
After Bronchiectasis ICD 10 is diagnosed, treatment can be provided to prevent infections and flare-ups. It is performed with a combination of medication, fluid supply, chest and physical therapy. Sometimes oxygen therapy is recommended to increase low levels of oxygen in the blood. In extreme cases of bronchitis, surgery may be recommended to isolate part of the lung from excessive bleeding.
Antibiotics are the most common treatment for bronchiectasis ICD 10. Oral antibiotics are recommended in most cases, but some difficult-to-treat infections require intravenous (IV) antibiotics. Macrolides are a special type of antibiotic that not only kills certain types of bacteria, but also reduces inflammation in the bronchi.
They can be beneficial for some people, but should only be used in severe situations due to their extreme side effects. Mucus thinning drugs are prescribed to help bronchiectasis ICD 10 patients cough up mucus. These drugs are administered as nebulizers, where they are mixed with a hypertonic saline solution that turns into a mist that is inhaled into the lungs. They can also be used as decongestants.
Another treatment is the use of a respiratory replacement device. The patient exhales through a hand-held device to break down mucus. Physiotherapy in the chest (CPT) or breast physiotherapy is a popular breathing therapy technique in which the chest is slapped in a certain way to loosen the mucus in the lungs so that it can be expelled. Electronic chest valve vests are now available, making it easier to perform this therapy at home.
ICD 10 CM Codes For Bronchiectasis
ICD 10 CM J47: Bronchiectasis
ICD 10 CM J47.0: Bronchiectasis
ICD 10 CM J47.1: Bronchiectasis
ICD 10 CM J47.9: