This article will outline the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and the ICD 10 CM code for Oppositional Defiant Disorder.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 Causes
There is no clear cause of Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10. Causes can include a combination of:
- genetic and environmental factors (such as genetics, children’s natural predisposition and temperament)
- neurobiological differences in the functioning of nerves and the brain
- problems with parents associated with lack of supervision, inconsistent or harsh discipline, abuse or neglect.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 Symptoms
When a child is diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10, the symptoms must be persistent and last for at least six months. Warning signs of what Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 looks like are:
- frequent tantrums
- excessive arguments with adults
- refusal to comply with adult wishes
- rules-based questions
- refusal to follow rules
- behaviour aimed at annoying or upsetting others
- blaming others for misconduct or mistakes
- resenting others
- an angry attitude when talking with others
- Children with ALT begin to show symptoms between the ages of 6 and 8, but the disorder can occur in younger children.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 Diagnosis
If symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 are present, doctors begin the assessment by carrying out a full medical history and physical examination. If they can’t find a physical cause for the symptoms, they refer the child to a child or adolescents psychiatrist, psychologist or psychologist trained in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness in children and adolescents. To make an accurate diagnoses, doctors use tests such as neuroimaging studies and blood tests if they suspect that there is a medical cause for the behavior or problems. They may also look for signs of other illnesses associated with strange conditions, such as ADHD or depression. Unlike adults with mental illness, children are diagnosed on the basis of signs and symptoms that point to a particular illness, not oddities.
Psychiatrists and psychologists use specially developed interview and evaluation tools to screen children for mental illness. The doctor will base their diagnosis on reports of a child’s symptoms and observations of the child’s attitudes and behaviour. They can also rely on reports from parents, teachers and other adults when the child has difficulty explaining their problems or understanding their symptoms.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 Treatment
Step one in the treatment of Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 is to recognize and control symptoms of attention deficit disorder (ADHD or ADD) as soon as they are present. Treatment of ADHD symptoms may include taking daily stimulants or non-stimulating medications to alleviate symptoms.
Step two is to get a formal assessment for other related psychological disorders that could cause the oppositional behavior.
Step three is to develop strategies to seize the opportunities.
The preferred Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 treatment is a combination of individual and family behavioural therapy. In addition, lifestyle changes can help people with mild symptoms keep their explosions under control. If therapy does not resolve the symptoms, medication for Oppositional Defiant Disorder ICD 10 may help. Treatment of oppositional defiance disorder includes cognitive behavioural therapy, parent-child interaction therapy, collaborative problem solving, low-dose atypical antipsychotics and lifestyle changes.
ICD 10 Code For Oppositional Defiant Disorder
ICD 10 CM F91.3 Oppositional defiant disorder