Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis

What is Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis usually known as hardening of the arteries, atherosclerosis refers to the conditions that result from the deposition of fatty deposits along the inner walls of arteries. These deposits, along with resulting inflammatory action by the immune system, lead to narrowing and eventual blockage of the affected artery. This blockage interrupts the…

History and Development of ICD

History and Development of ICD

The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems which is commonly known as ICD – International Classification of Diseases, represented by codes based upon the morbidity and mortality statistical surveys in order to classify the health conditions or diseases including signs and symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases….

Myocardial Ischemia

Myocardial Ischemia

What is Myocardial Ischemia? Cardiac dysfunction caused by an insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissues of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (coronary arteriosclerosis), to obstruction by a thrombus (coronary thrombosis), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the…

Thrombosis

Thrombosis

What is Thrombosis? Thrombosis is the formation of a mass of aggregated blood factors (a thrombus, or blood clot); coagulation of the blood. Specifically, this refers to the formation of a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel. Etiology: 1. Endothelial Cell Damage: The intrinsic pathway is triggered when collagen is exposed to blood. Since endothelial…

Post natal Exercise – Useful tips

Post natal Exercise – Useful tips

POSTNATAL EXERCISE INTRODUCTIONThese should be started as soon after birth as possible in order to improve circulation, strengthen pelvic floor and abdominal muscles and prevent transient and long term problemTYPES OF EXERCISE:Transversus AbdominusPelvic TiltPelvic FloorHead and Shoulder RaisesLeg SlidePush-ups These gentle exercises are perfect for easing your postnatal body into an exercise routine. Many obstetricians…

Transient Ishemic Attack

Transient Ishemic Attack

What is TIA and its cause? A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is caused by a temporary state of reduced blood flow in a portion of the brain. This is most frequently caused by tiny blood clots that temporarily occlude a portion of the brain. A primary blood supply to the brain is through two arteries…

Hypertension

Hypertension

What is Hypertension and what are its types? Hypertension is a Systolic blood pressure greater than 140mm Hg and a diastolic Pressure greater than 90mm Hg over a sustained period, based on the average of two or more blood pressure measurements taken in two or more contacts with the health care provider after an initial…

Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary Embolism

What is Embolism? Embolism occurs when an object (the embolus, pulmonary emboli) migrates from one part of the body through circulation and causes a blockage of a blood vessel in another part of the body. Etiology: Ø Most embolisms happen to people who have risk factors for blood clot formation, like smoking, high blood pressure,…

ULNAR NERVE PALSY

ULNAR NERVE PALSY

IntroductionThe ulnar nerve is derived from the C8 and T1 nerve roots. It is a terminal branch of the medial cord of the brachial plexus. In the midportion of the arm, it passes from the anterior to the posterior part of the arm, piercing the intermuscular septum approximately 10 cm above the medial epicondyle. The…