Hypokalemia is when the potassium level in the blood is too low. Potassium is an important electrolyte for the function of nerve and muscle cells as well as muscle cells in the heart. Your kidneys control the potassium content of your body and allow excess potassium to leave the body in urine and sweat.
In some cases, low potassium levels can lead to arrhythmias (arrhythmias) and severe muscle weakness. Learn what it means to have hypokalemia and how to treat it. A mild hypothermia does not cause any symptoms. The symptoms can be reversed with treatment.
Low potassium (hypokalemia) can have many causes. The most common cause of excess potassium loss in the urine is prescription drugs that increase urination. These drugs, also known as diuretics or water pills are often prescribed to people with high blood pressure or heart disease. Vomiting and diarrhoea can also be due to excessive potassium loss in the digestive tract.
Low potassium can also be caused by not having enough potassium in your diet. There are no signs or symptoms of hypokalemia. If you do not have any of these symptoms, you may have mild hypokalemia.
Hypokalemia is not a disease in itself, so before a person receives a diagnosis, doctors must determine the cause of the loss of potassium. In most cases it is straightforward. If a doctor suspects that a person is hypocalemic, he or she will perform tests to measure the amount of potassium in their body. You can do this by analyzing the potassium content in your urine.
Patients with kidney disease, diabetes mellitus or functional disorders of the vegetative nervous system are not advised against the use of potassium or potassium-sparing diuretics. Calcium chloride can be administered for severe hypokalemia. The underlying cause of hypocanemia should be treated. Associated acid-based disorders and hormonal disorders should be evaluated and planned for treatment. Treatment should be monitored closely by a doctor.
An imbalance between the external and internal potassium levels of an individual can lead to a life-threatening hypokalemia if there is too much potassium. Hypokalemia in people with high blood pressure who take diuretics can be improved by replacing potassium lost in the diet with certain fruits and potassium supplements. People who exercise or exercise in warm weather should take care to replace potassium lost through excessive sweating. This can be achieved through nutritional planning. It can also be minimised by limiting salt intake through diet, as high sodium excretion rates promote the loss of potassium in the urine.
ICD 10 Codes For Hypokalemia
P74.32: Hypokalemia of newborn.
N25.89: Other disorders resulting from impaired renal tubular function.
E87.6, P74.32 & N25.89: are billable ICD codes.