CPT 77080 describes a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone density study. This non-invasive imaging test uses low-dose X-rays to measure the density of the bone in the hips, pelvis, and spine. It is often used for detecting and monitoring osteoporosis.
What Is CPT Code 77080?
CPT code 77080 describes a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone density study.
The 77080 procedure is used to measure the density of the bone in one or more specific body regions, known as the axial skeleton. The axial skeleton includes the hips, pelvis, and spine.
DXA is a non-invasive imaging test that uses low-dose X-rays to measure the amount of mineral content (mainly calcium) in bones.
It is considered the most widely used and accurate method for measuring bone density and can detect tiny changes in bone density over time.
It is primarily used to diagnose osteoporosis and monitor the disease’s progression or the effectiveness of treatment.
The CPT book describes CPT code 77080 as: “Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bone density study, one or more sites; axial skeleton (e.g., hips, pelvis, spine).”
The provider conducts a non-invasive imaging procedure called dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to measure the bone mineral density (BMD) of one or more regions of the trunk to determine if the patient has osteopenia or osteoporosis.
The patient lies on a table fully clothed during the procedure and does not need to receive any sedation or injection.
The technician positions the DXA scanner over the patient’s hip, pelvis, or lower spine. The scanner uses two X-ray beams with different energy levels aimed at the patient’s bones.
By subtracting out the absorption of the soft tissue, the BMD can be calculated by measuring the absorption of each beam by the bone. A physician will interpret the results of the absorptiometry.
How To Use CPT 77080
CPT 77080 should not be combined or reported with codes CPT 77085 or CPT 77086.