This article will outline the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and the ICD 10 CM code for Hyperphosphatemia.
Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 Causes
Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 has various causes. Most people get 800 to 1200 milligrams (mg) of phosphorus from foods such as red meat, dairy products, chickens, fish and fortified cereals. In the body, phosphates are found in bones, teeth and cells as well as in small amounts in the blood. The kidneys help to remove additional phosphates from the body and maintain balance. If the kidneys are damaged, the body cannot easily remove phosphate from the blood.
This can lead to increased phosphate levels. Other possible causes of Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 include:
- low levels of parathyroid hormones (hypoparathyroidism)
- cell damage
- high vitamin D levels in diabetics
- ketoacidosis (high levels of acid called ketones in people with diabetes)
- injuries, including those that can cause muscle damage or severe body-wide infections.
- In some patients, phosphate levels in the blood may increase if they receive phosphorous-containing laxatives during the colonoscopy.
Bones need minerals and hormones to rebuild, grow and stay strong. The kidneys balance the amount of phosphorus and calcium in blood. If the phosphate level in the blood becomes too high, a disturbance of the mineral bones (calcification) can occur. When these levels get out of balance, it drains calcium from the bone and weakens it.
Since the kidneys control the balance of minerals and other chemicals, chronic kidney disease can cause minerals and bone disorders. The deterioration can take place over many years without symptoms. When bones become weak, a person may begin to feel pain in their bones and joints. When this happens in children with kidney disease, it can get very serious because their bones are still developing. Kidney failure or dialysis are also a risk.
Calcification is a serious condition in which the heart has to work harder to pump blood through the body. Calcification occurs when calcium builds up too quickly in organs and tissues of the body. It can affect veins and arteries and is known as vessel calcification. Children with mineral bone disorders do not grow up to full size. The bones in her legs are bent, which is known as rickets.
Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 Symptoms
Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 may have no obvious symptoms. It is more likely to be a symptom of an underlying disease that causes high phosphate levels, such as uncontrolled diabetes, then something that is easily detectable.
Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 Diagnosis
Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 is diagnosed by measuring the concentration of phosphate in the blood. A phosphate concentration of more than 14.6 mmol / l (4.5 mg / dL) is an indication of the condition, but further tests are needed to determine the underlying cause of elevated phosphate levels. Hyperphosphatemia is considered more serious if the values are above 16 mmol / l (5mg / dL). A high level of phosphorus and calcium in the blood can cause itchy skin and red eyes.
Doctors perform blood tests to examine patients with high phosphate levels. The treatment determines the diagnosis and cause of action a particular therapy. Thus, for example, a patient with hyperphosphatemia may continue to require antifungal treatment after the administration of liposomal amphotericin B or may switch to amph esotericin B, a lipid complex formulation containing inorganic phosphate. Due to kidney damage, patients can reduce high levels of phosphate in the blood in three ways: by reducing the amount of phosphate in their diet, removing additional phosphate through dialysis, reducing the amount of phosphate in the intestine that is absorbed, or taking medication.
Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10 Treatment
To treat Hyperphosphatemia ICD 10, it is important to maintain a diet of healthy foods that are balanced in protein and phosphorus. These foods include chickens and other types of poultry, fish, nuts, beans and eggs. Limit phosphorus-rich foods such as milk, red meat, cola, packaged meat, frozen foods and snacks, processed cheese, additives and preservatives, and bread.
Diet alone will not sufficiently reduce its phosphate content to solve the problem. At some point they will need dialysis. Then dialysis is performed for kidney damage.
It removes waste salts (additional water and chemicals) and phosphate from the blood. In addition to nutrition and dialysis, they also need medication to help the body remove excess phosphate. Some medications help to reduce the amount of phosphate in the intestine that is absorbed from the food the patient eats. These drugs include calcium-based phosphate binding agents (calcium acetate, calcium carbonate, lanthanfosrenol, sevelamer hydrochloride (renagel) and sevelamer carbonate (renvela).
ICD 10 Code For Hyperphosphatemia
ICD 10 CM E83.39 Other disorders of phosphorus metabolism
- Hyperphosphatemia (high phosphate level)
- Hypophosphatemia (low phosphorus level)
- Rickets, hypophosphatasia