CPT Code 99202, cpt 99202, 99202 cpt code

99202 CPT Code (2023) | Description, Guidelines, Reimbursement, Modifiers & Examples

99202 CPT code is an office or other outpatient visit code typically reported daily and differentiated as new or established patients. There are four levels under the services of office or other outpatient visits for the new patient category represented by 99202-99205. These codes report office or other outpatient services for only new patients. This article will help you with proper coding, Billing guidelines, Modifiers, and reimbursement for CPT code 99202.

Description Of The 99202 CPT Code

According to medical coding and billing guidelines, A new patient has never received professional services from a physician, another physician, or other qualified healthcare professionals for three years within the same specialty and practicing group.

A medically appropriate history and physical examination should be documented as determined by the treating provider. The right level of history and physical examination is no longer used when determining the level of service.

Codes should be selected based on the current CPT Medical Decision-Making table. Alternatively, time alone may be used to determine the appropriate level of service. Total time for reporting these services includes face-to-face and non-face-to-face time personally spent by the practitioner or other health care professionals on the encounter date. 

Providers report this CPT code 99202 for new patients being seen in the Doctor’s office, a multispecialty group clinic, or other outpatient environments. Furthermore, CPT code 99202 is the most basic service, which entails straightforward MDM. While using time for code selection, 15-29 minutes is spent on the encounter date.

The official description of CPT code 99202 is: Office or other outpatient visit for the evaluation and management of a new patient, which requires a medically appropriate history and/or examination and straightforward medical decision making. When using time for code selection, 15-29 minutes of total time is spent on the date of the encounter.

Select the appropriate level of E/M services based on the following: 

  1. The story of the MDM as defined for each service, or
  2. The total time for Evaluation and Management services performed on the encounter date.

Medical Decision Making includes making a diagnosis, assessing the severity or complexity of the condition, and selecting a treatment.

Selection Criteria of CPT 99202:

  • An expanded problem-focused history
  • An expanded issue-focused examination
  • Straightforward medical decision-making.
cpt code 99202

Medical Decision-Making for New Patients

The following are the key components to make a correct level of outpatient or office visit encounters with new patients:

  1. The number and complexity of the problem that is reported during the encounter.
  2. The complexity of data to be analyzed and reviewed, including medical records, lab testing, and other information that must be obtained and ordered for the encounter.

Coordination of care and Counseling with other providers or agencies are provided consistent with the nature of the problem and the patient’s or his family’s demand.

For E&M codes 99202 and CPT code to 99205, all of the face-to-face and non–face-to-face time spent by the billing clinician on the day of the visit should be counted. Counseling should never be more than 50% of the total time.

Often, the presenting problem is of low to moderate severity. A doctor typically spends 20 minutes confronting the patient or family.

Documentation Tips

Only Medicare’s medically necessary portion of the low complexity of the visit is allowed for CPT code 99202. 

Furthermore, To determine the level of an E&M code for an office visit or outpatient dept. Only the requisite services for the patient’s condition during the encounter can be considered, Even if a complete note is generated. Medical necessity must be clearly stated and support the level of service reported.

Documentation should include the history and exam performed and the medical decision-making performed. When time is the determinant for code selection, total time should be documented. Medical necessity must be clearly stated and support the level of service reported.

Although not used to determine code selection, the history and exams should be documented. Medical decision-making performed should be noted. Medical necessity must be clearly stated and support the level of service reported.

Reimbursement Tip

Report these services with place-of-service code 11, representing the clinician’s office location, or 22, designating an outpatient setting. When a separately identifiable service is performed on the same day with CPT code 99202, modifier 25 should be appended to the 99202 CPT code to indicate the service as distinct from the other procedures or services performed on that service date.

POS 11:

when services are provided in a physician’s office space or on the hospital campus, that physician’s office space is not part of a provider-based hospital department.

POS 22: 

On Campus-Outpatient Hospital

Billing Guidelines

According to billing guidelines, only one unit per visit of CPT code 99202 is allowed.

The level of E&M service billed must be based on the treatment of a low level of complexity (having one self-limited or minor problem and straightforward MDM) performed concerning the medical care required by the reported symptoms, resulting in the patient’s diagnosis.

The Cost and total RVUs of CPT code 99202 are $49.49 and 1.43000, respectively for National and Global Facility Services.

The Cost and total RVUs of 99202 CPT code are $74.06and 2.14000, respectively, for both National and Global Non-Facility Services.

Facility codes reflect the volume and ferocity of the facility’s resources to provide care.

99202 CPT Code 2021 Updates

One policy change in the 2019 MPFS final rule that received a good response from providers was the plan to pay a one-time, combined fee.

Medicare intended to pay the same fee for the new patient CPT codes 99202 – 99204, regardless of the reported code.

Medicare would pay another one-time fee for established patient codes 9921299214. Level 5 visits (CPT 99205 and 99215) would have separate fees to reflect the greater complexity of these codes.

99202 CPT Code Modifiers

Modifiers often used in medical coding and billing for CPT 99202 are 24, 25, 57, 95, and GT.

Modifier 25 with Example

Separate identifiable E&M service performed by the Same Physician or Other Qualified Health Care Professional on the Same Day when another minor or major procedure is performed.

Use modifier 25 on an E/M service performed during the same session as a preventive care visit when significant, separately identifiable E/M service is rendered in addition to the preventive care.

Use modifier 25 always when the Evaluation and management service is Distinct, significantly identifiable, and separately documented as another service different from the E&M service.


A patient came to the Doctor’s office to evaluate and manage Osteoarthritis of the hip, and the Doctor aspired 2ml of synovial fluid from the hip joint. In this case, modifier 25 would be appended to the CPT code 99202, describing the E&M as a separate procedure.

Modifier 57 with Example

57- “Decision for surgery.” An E&M service resulted in the decision to perform the significant/major surgery identified by using a 57-modifier to the appropriate level of E/M service.

Use Modifier 57 to indicate an Evaluation and Management (E/M) service when the initial decision to perform surgery is the day before major surgery (90 days global) or the day of major surgery.


A patient came to the Doctor’s office for Mild pain and abdominal tenderness, but an ultrasound revealed 4cm of benign neoplasm of the large intestine. The Doctor performed a tissue biopsy and decided to remove the neoplasm the next day. So, in this case, modifier 57 should be appended to CPT code 99202 on the day when the biopsy was done and the Doctor made the decision for major surgery.

Modifier 24 with Example

Unrelated E&M service given by the Same Physician or Other Qualified Health Care Professional During a global period (postoperative) of an effective procedure.

Modifier 24 is appended with the E&M code when a patient is in the global fee period of a major or minor procedure performed within the global fee period. Still, They returned for a different condition or procedure with another Diagnosis code.


A patient had surgery for Achilles tendon tenotomy two months ago, and he came to the same Doctor’s office for evaluation and management of sustained hypertension. So, in this case, sustained hypertension is a new problem, so we will append modifier 24 with the E&M code to distinguish it as an unrelated E&M service.

Modifier 95 and GT

Both modifiers have almost the exact description and use. These are Synchronous Telemedicine Services provided through a Real-Time Interactive video or audio Telephonic or telecommunication approach. Only the difference is Modifier 95 is used for Commercial insurance, and GT is used for Medicare.

Telemedicine service is a real-time interaction of a physician with a patient who is located far away from the physician’s office. The information exchanged between the patient and physician or other qualified health care professionals during the telephonic communication service must be sufficient to meet the key components and requirements of the service when provided via direct face-to-face interaction. 

So modifier 95 or GT should be appended to E&M service rendered via a telecommunication system.

Billing Examples

Below are some cases when the 99202 CPT code can be reported.

Example 1

Initial office visit for a 13-year-old patient with do papular acne of the face unresponsive to over-the-counter medications. (Family medicine)

Example 2

Initial office visit for a patient with a clinically benign lesion or nodule of the lower leg that has been present for many years. (Dermatology)

Example 3

Initial office visit for a patient with a circumscribed patch of leg dermatitis. (Dermatology)

Example 4

Initial office visit for a patient with papulosquamous eruption of elbows. (Dermatology)

Example 5

Initial office visit for a 9-year-old patient with erythematous grouped, vesicular eruption of the lip of three days duration. (Pediatrics)

Example 6

Initial office visit for an 18-year-old male referred by an orthodontist for advice regarding removing four wisdom teeth. (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery)

Example 7

Initial office visit for a 14-year-old male referred by his orthodontist for advice on the exposure of impacted maxillary cuspids. (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery)

Example 8

Initial office visit for a patient presenting with itching patches on the wrists and ankles. (Dermatology)

Example 9

Initial office visit for a 30-year-old male for evaluation and discussion of the treatment of rhinophyma. (Plastic Surgery)

Example 10

Initial office visit for a 16-year-old male with severe cystic acne, new patient. (Dermatology)

Example 11

Initial office evaluation for gradual hearing loss, 58-years-old male, history and physical examination, with the interpretation of complete audiogram, air-bone, etc. (Otolaryngology)

Example 12

Initial evaluation and management of recurrent urinary infection in females. (Internal Medicine)

Example 13

Initial office visit with a 10-year-old girl with a history of chronic otitis media and a draining ear. (Pediatrics)

Example 14

Initial office visit for a 10-year-old female with acute maxillary sinusitis. (Family Medicine)

Example 15

Initial office visit for a patient with recurring episodes of herpes simplex who has developed a clustering of vesicles of the upper lip. (Internal Medicine)

Example 16

Initial office visit for a 25-year-old male patient with single-season allergic rhinitis. (Allergy & Immunology) 

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