This article will outline the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and the ICD 10 CM code for TMJ.
ICD 10 Code For TMJ – Causes
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ ICD 10) combines hinge effect and sliding movement. The parts of the bones that interact with the joint are covered with cartilage which is separated from the movement by a small shock absorber disc which keeps the movement supple.
Painful temporomandibular joint disease occurs when the intervertebral disc erodes or moves out of its correct orientation, its cartilage is damaged or, as with arthritis, the joint is damaged by blows or other impacts.
More women than men have TMJ ICD 10, and TMJ ICD 10 are more common in people in their 20s and 40s. In many cases the cause of temporomandibular joint disease is unclear. TMJ ICD 10 can cause severe pain and discomfort.
The pain is usually temporary, but can last for many years. It usually affects only one side of the face.
ICD 10 Code For TMJ – Symptoms
Common TMJ ICD 10 symptoms include:
- pain and tenderness in the face, jaw, neck, shoulders and ears when chewing or speaking without opening the mouth.
- fatigue on the face and problems chewing
- sudden unpleasant bite
- upper and lower teeth that don’t fit together
- swelling on the sides of the face.
- neck pain
- hearing problems
- upper shoulder pain
- ringing in the ears and tinnitus.
- problems when trying to open the mouth
- the jaw gets stuck in an open or closed mouth position or is locked, clicking, popping or rubbing at the temporomandibular joint when opening and closing the mouth
- chewing that is not painful
TMJ ICD 10 disorders can be difficult to diagnose. There is no standard test to diagnose temporomandibular joint disease, sometimes referred to as narcolepsy.
ICD 10 Code For TMJ – Diagnosis
Doctors can refer a TMJ ICD 10 patient to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist to diagnose the disease. Doctors examine the jaw to determine whether swelling or tenderness in the patient is a symptom of TMJ ICD 10 disease.
You can also use several different imaging tests. These include x-rays of the jaw, a CT scan of the jaw to see bones, joints and tissue and an MRI of the jaw to see if there are problems with the structure of the mouth.
ICD 10 Code For TMJ – Treatment
Many symptoms of temporomandibular joint disease (TMJ ICD 10) can respond to home remedies, stress relief and relaxation techniques. The best home remedies for relief include:
- cold joint packs
- over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- other painkillers (including aspirin and paracetamol)
- soft foods
- a doctor or physiotherapist may suggest appropriate stretching and relaxation techniques
- stress management and relief
- essential oils (such as lavender, chamomile, sweet marjoram and clary sage)
- If home remedies are not effective, medical treatment may be necessary.
Most types of treatments and remedies include the following:
- dental splints
- occlusal splints
- stabilizing splints
- bite guards
- dental devices placed in the mouth to keep the teeth in the correct position
- prevent teeth grinding.
- These treatments do not cure TMJ, but they can provide temporary or long-term relief from pain and symptoms.
Medics also use Botox to relax the jaw muscles. However, Botox is not an FDA-approved treatment for TMJ ICD 10 disease.
In states where medical marijuana is legal, doctors can prescribe medical marijuana to help with severe pain in the temporomandibular joint. Physiotherapy and jaw gymnastics can strengthen muscles and improve mobility and mobility.
Biobehavioural management (biofeedback and cognitive behavioural therapy) can help reduce pain intensity. Trigger point acupuncture can also be helpful.
TMJ ICD 10 arthroscopy or arthrocentesis is a minimally invasive procedure performed on an outpatient basis. The recovery time for this procedure is usually about one week.
In severe cases, jaw surgery (dental surgery) may be necessary. Sometimes a complete joint replacement is necessary.
This can require several days of hospitalization after surgery and a recovery period of four to six weeks.
The following prescription drugs are commonly used to treat temporomandibular joint pain: muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid injections, tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazapine, sleeping pills, nerve pain medications, and opiates.
ICD 10 Code For TMJ
ICD 10 CM M26.60 Temporomandibular joint disorder unspecified
ICD 10 CM M26.69 Other specified disorders of temporomandibular joint
ICD 10 CM M26.601 Right temporomandibular joint disorder unspecified
ICD 10 CM M26.602 Left temporomandibular joint disorder unspecified
ICD 10 CM M26.603 Bilateral temporomandibular joint disorder unspecified
ICD 10 CM M26.609 Unspecified temporomandibular joint disorder unspecified side