Depressive Disorders – Definitions & ICD 11 Codes

Definition of Depressive Disorders: Depressive disorders are characterised by depressive mood (e.g., sad, irritable, empty) or loss of pleasure accompanied by other cognitive, behavioural, or neurovegetative symptoms that significantly affect the individual’s ability to function. A depressive disorder should not be diagnosed in individuals who have ever experienced a manic, mixed or hypomanic episode, which would indicate the presence of a bipolar disorder.

Coded Elsewhere:

  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (GA34.41)

Single episode depressive disorder

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder: Single episode depressive disorder is characterised by the presence or history of one depressive episode when there is no history of prior depressive episodes. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. There have never been any prior manic, hypomanic, or mixed episodes, which would indicate the presence of a bipolar disorder.

ICD 11 Code For Single episode depressive disorder

  6A70  Single episode depressive disorder

Exclusions:

6A70.0 Single episode depressive disorder mild

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder mild: Single episode depressive disorder, mild, is diagnosed when the definitional requirements of a Depressive episode are met and the episode is of mild severity. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a mild depressive episode, the individual is usually distressed by the symptoms and has some difficulty in continuing to function in one of more domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains). There are no delusions or hallucinations during the episode.

6A70.1 Single episode depressive disorder moderate without psychotic symptoms

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder moderate without psychotic symptoms: Single episode depressive disorder, moderate, without psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements of a depressive episode have been met, there is no history of prior depressive episodes, the episode is of moderate severity, and there are no delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a moderate depressive episode, several symptoms of a depressive episode are present to a marked degree, or a large number of depressive symptoms of lesser severity are present overall. The individual typically has considerable difficulty functioning in multiple domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

6A70.2 Single episode depressive disorder moderate with psychotic symptoms

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder moderate with psychotic symptoms: Single episode depressive disorder, moderate, with psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements of a depressive episode have been met, there is no history of prior depressive episodes, the episode is of moderate severity, and there are delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a moderate depressive episode, several symptoms of a depressive episode are present to a marked degree, or a large number of depressive symptoms of lesser severity are present overall. The individual typically has considerable difficulty functioning in multiple domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

6A70.3 Single episode depressive disorder severe without psychotic symptoms

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder severe without psychotic symptoms: Single episode depressive disorder, severe, without psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for Single episode depressive disorder are met and the current episode is severe and there are no delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a severe depressive episode, many or most symptoms of a Depressive Episode are present to a marked degree, or a smaller number of symptoms are present and manifest to an intense degree. The individual has serious difficulty continuing to function in most domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

Inclusions:

  • Major depression single episode without psychotic symptoms
  • Vital depression single episode without psychotic symptoms

6A70.4 Single episode depressive disorder severe with psychotic symptoms

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder severe with psychotic symptoms: Single episode depressive disorder, severe, with psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for Single episode depressive disorder are met and the current episode is severe and there are delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a severe depressive episode, many or most symptoms of a Depressive Episode are present to a marked degree, or a smaller number of symptoms are present and manifest to an intense degree. The individual has serious difficulty continuing to function in most domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains). In a severe depressive episode, many or most symptoms of a Depressive Episode are present to a marked degree, or a smaller number of symptoms are present and manifest to an intense degree. The individual has serious difficulty continuing to function in most domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

6A70.5 Single episode depressive disorder unspecified severity

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder unspecified severity: Single episode depressive disorder, unspecified severity is diagnosed when the definitional requirements of a depressive episode have been met, there is no history of prior depressive episodes, and there is insufficient information to determine the severity of the current depressive episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. The symptoms are associated with at least some difficulty in continuing with ordinary work, social, or domestic activities.

6A70.6 Single episode depressive disorder currently in partial remission

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder currently in partial remission: Single episode depressive disorder, currently in partial remission, is diagnosed when the full definitional requirements for a depressive episode have been met and there is no history of prior depressive episodes. The full definitional requirements for a depressive episode are no longer met but some significant mood symptoms remain.

6A70.7 Single episode depressive disorder currently in full remission

Definition of Single episode depressive disorder currently in full remission: Single episode depressive disorder, currently in full remission is diagnosed when the full definitional requirements for one depressive episode have been met in the past and there are no longer any significant mood symptoms. There is no history of depressive episodes preceding the episode under consideration.

6A70.Y Other specified single episode depressive disorder

6A70.Z Single episode depressive disorder unspecified

Recurrent depressive disorder

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder: Recurrent depressive disorder is characterised by a history or at least two depressive episodes separated by at least several months without significant mood disturbance. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. There have never been any prior manic, hypomanic, or mixed episodes, which would indicate the presence of a Bipolar disorder.

ICD 11 Code For Recurrent depressive disorder

  6A71  Recurrent depressive disorder

Inclusions:

  • seasonal depressive disorder

Exclusions:

  • Adjustment disorder (6B43)
  • Bipolar or related disorders
  • Single episode depressive disorder (6A70)

6A71.0 Recurrent depressive disorder current episode mild

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder current episode mild: Recurrent depressive disorder, current episode mild is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for Recurrent depressive disorder have been met and there is currently a depressive episode of mild severity. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a mild depressive episode, the individual is usually distressed by the symptoms and has some difficulty in continuing to function in one of more domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains). There are no delusions or hallucinations during the episode.

6A71.1 Recurrent depressive disorder current episode moderate without psychotic symptoms

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder current episode moderate without psychotic symptoms: Recurrent depressive disorder, current episode moderate, without psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for recurrent depressive disorder have been met and there is currently a depressive episode of moderate severity, and there are no delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a moderate depressive episode, several symptoms of a depressive episode are present to a marked degree, or a large number of depressive symptoms of lesser severity are present overall. The individual typically has considerable difficulty functioning in multiple domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

6A71.2 Recurrent depressive disorder current episode moderate with psychotic symptoms

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder current episode moderate with psychotic symptoms: Recurrent depressive disorder, current episode moderate, with psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for Recurrent depressive disorder have been met and there is currently a depressive episode of moderate severity, and there are delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a moderate depressive episode, several symptoms of a depressive episode are present to a marked degree, or a large number of depressive symptoms of lesser severity are present overall. The individual typically has considerable difficulty functioning in multiple domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

6A71.3 Recurrent depressive disorder current episode severe without psychotic symptoms

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder current episode severe without psychotic symptoms: Recurrent depressive disorder, current episode severe, without psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for Recurrent depressive disorder are met and the current episode is severe and there are no delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a severe depressive episode, many or most symptoms of a Depressive Episode are present to a marked degree, or a smaller number of symptoms are present and manifest to an intense degree. The individual has serious difficulty continuing to function in most domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

Inclusions:

  • Endogenous depression without psychotic symptoms
  • Major depression, recurrent without psychotic symptoms
  • Manic-depressive psychosis, depressed type without psychotic symptoms
  • Vital depression, recurrent without psychotic symptoms

6A71.4 Recurrent depressive disorder current episode severe with psychotic symptoms

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder current episode severe with psychotic symptoms: Recurrent depressive disorder, current episode severe, with psychotic symptoms is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for Recurrent depressive disorder are met and the current episode is severe and there are delusions or hallucinations during the episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of depressed mood or diminished interest in activities occurring most of the day, nearly every day during a period lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. In a severe depressive episode, many or most symptoms of a Depressive Episode are present to a marked degree, or a smaller number of symptoms are present and manifest to an intense degree. The individual has serious difficulty continuing to function in most domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains). In a severe depressive episode, many or most symptoms of a Depressive Episode are present to a marked degree, or a smaller number of symptoms are present and manifest to an intense degree. The individual has serious difficulty continuing to function in most domains (personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important domains).

Inclusions:

  • Endogenous depression with psychotic symptoms
  • Manic-depressive psychosis, depressed type with psychotic symptoms

6A71.5 Recurrent depressive disorder current episode unspecified severity

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder current episode unspecified severity: Recurrent depressive disorder current episode, unspecified severity is diagnosed when the definitional requirements of a depressive episode have been met and there is a history of prior depressive episodes, but there is insufficient information to determine the severity of the current depressive episode. A depressive episode is characterised by a period of almost daily depressed mood or diminished interest in activities lasting at least two weeks accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, changes in appetite or sleep, psychomotor agitation or retardation, and reduced energy or fatigue. The symptoms are associated with at least some difficulty in continuing with ordinary work, social, or domestic activities.

6A71.6 Recurrent depressive disorder currently in partial remission

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder currently in partial remission: Recurrent depressive disorder, currently in partial remission, is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for Recurrent depressive disorder have been met; the full definitional requirements for a depressive episode are no longer met but some significant mood symptoms remain.

6A71.7 Recurrent depressive disorder currently in full remission

Definition of Recurrent depressive disorder currently in full remission: Recurrent depressive disorder, currently in full remission is diagnosed when the definitional requirements for recurrent depressive disorder have been met but currently there are no significant mood symptoms.

6A71.Y Other specified recurrent depressive disorder

6A71.Z Recurrent depressive disorder unspecified

Dysthymic disorder

Definition of Dysthymic disorder: Dysthymic disorder is characterised by a persistent depressive mood (i.e., lasting 2 years or more), for most of the day, for more days than not. In children and adolescents depressed mood can manifest as pervasive irritability. The depressed mood is accompanied by additional symptoms such as markedly diminished interest or pleasure in activities, reduced concentration and attention or indecisiveness, low self-worth or excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness about the future, disturbed sleep or increased sleep, diminished or increased appetite, or low energy or fatigue. During the first 2 years of the disorder, there has never been a 2-week period during which the number and duration of symptoms were sufficient to meet the diagnostic requirements for a Depressive Episode. There is no history of Manic, Mixed, or Hypomanic Episodes.

ICD 11 Code For Dysthymic disorder

  6A72  Dysthymic disorder

Inclusions:

  • Dysthymia

Exclusions:

  • anxiety depression (mild or not persistent) (6A73)

Mixed depressive and anxiety disorder

Definition of Mixed depressive and anxiety disorder: Mixed depressive and anxiety disorder is characterised by symptoms of both anxiety and depression more days than not for a period of two weeks or more. Depressive symptoms include depressed mood or markedly diminished interest or pleasure in activities. There are multiple anxiety symptoms, which may include feeling nervous, anxious, or on edge, not being able to control worrying thoughts, fear that something awful will happen, having trouble relaxing, muscle tension, or sympathetic autonomic symptoms. Neither set of symptoms, considered separately, is sufficiently severe, numerous, or persistent to justify a diagnosis of another depressive disorder or an anxiety or fear-related disorder. The symptoms result in significant distress or significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning. There is no history of manic or mixed episodes, which would indicate the presence of a bipolar disorder.

ICD 11 Code For Mixed depressive and anxiety disorder

  6A73  Mixed depressive and anxiety disorder

Other specified depressive disorders

ICD 11 Code For Other specified depressive disorders

  6A7Y  Other specified depressive disorders

Depressive disorders unspecified

ICD 11 Code For Depressive disorders unspecified

  6A7Z  Depressive disorders unspecified

Definition of : These categories may be applied to describe the presentation and characteristics of mood episodes in the context of single episode depressive disorder, recurrent repressive disorder, bipolar type I disorder, or bipolar type II disorder. These categories indicate the presence of specific, important features of the clinical presentation or of the course, onset, and pattern of mood episodes. These categories are not mutually exclusive, and as many may be added as apply.

Symptomatic and course presentations for mood episodes in mood disorders

ICD 11 Code For Symptomatic and course presentations for mood episodes in mood disorders

  6A80  Symptomatic and course presentations for mood episodes in mood disorders

Coding Note:

  • These categories should never be used in primary coding. The codes are provided for use as supplementary or additional codes when it is desired to identify specific clinically important features of mood episodes in mood disorders.

Coded Elsewhere:

  • Mental or behavioural disorders associated with pregnancy, childbirth or the puerperium, without psychotic symptoms (6E20)
  • Mental or behavioural disorders associated with pregnancy, childbirth or the puerperium, with psychotic symptoms (6E21)

6A80.0 Prominent anxiety symptoms in mood episodes

Definition of Prominent anxiety symptoms in mood episodes: In the context of a current depressive, manic, mixed, or hypomanic episode, prominent and clinically significant anxiety symptoms (e.g., feeling nervous, anxious or on edge, not being able to control worrying thoughts, fear that something awful will happen, having trouble relaxing, motor tension, autonomic symptoms) have been present for most of the time during the episode. If there have been panic attacks during a current depressive or mixed episode, these should be recorded separately.

When the diagnostic requirements for both a mood disorder and an anxiety or fear-related disorder are met, the anxiety or fear-related disorder should also be diagnosed.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

6A80.1 Panic attacks in mood episodes

Definition of Panic attacks in mood episodes: In the context of a current mood episode (manic, depressive, mixed, or hypomanic), there have been recurrent panic attacks (i.e., at least two) during the past month that occur specifically in response to anxiety-provoking cognitions that are features of the mood episode. If panic attacks occur exclusively in response to such thoughts, panic attacks should be recorded using this qualifier rather than assigning an additional co-occurring diagnosis of panic disorder.

If some panic attacks over the course of the depressive or mixed episode have been unexpected and not exclusively in response to depressive or anxiety-provoking thoughts, a separate diagnosis of panic disorder should be assigned.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

Exclusions:

  • Panic disorder (6B01)

6A80.2 Current depressive episode persistent

Definition of Current depressive episode persistent: The diagnostic requirements for a depressive episode are currently met and have been met continuously for at least the past 2 years.

6A80.3 Current depressive episode with melancholia

Definition of Current depressive episode with melancholia: In the context of a current Depressive Episode, several of the following symptoms have been present during the worst period of the current episode: loss of interest or pleasure in most activities that are normally enjoyable to the individual (i.e., pervasive anhedonia); lack of emotional reactivity to normally pleasurable stimuli or circumstances (i.e., mood does not lift even transiently with exposure); terminal insomnia (i.e., waking in the morning two hours or more before the usual time); depressive symptoms are worse in the morning; marked psychomotor retardation or agitation; marked loss of appetite or loss of weight.

6A80.4 Seasonal pattern of mood episode onset

Definition of Seasonal pattern of mood episode onset: In the context of recurrent depressive disorder, bipolar type I or bipolar type II disorder, there has been a regular seasonal pattern of onset and remission of at least one type of episode (i.e., depressive, manic, mixed, or hypomanic episodes), with a substantial majority of the relevant mood episodes corresponding to the seasonal pattern. (In bipolar type I and bipolar type II disorder, all types of mood episodes may not follow this pattern.) A seasonal pattern should be differentiated from an episode that is coincidental with a particular season but predominantly related to a psychological stressor that regularly occurs at that time of the year (e.g., seasonal unemployment).

6A80.5 Rapid cycling

Definition of Rapid cycling: In the context of bipolar type I or bipolar type II disorder, there has been a high frequency of mood episodes (at least four) over the past 12 months. There may be a switch from one polarity of mood to the other, or the mood episodes may be demarcated by a period of remission. In individuals with a high frequency of mood episodes, some may have a shorter duration than those usually observed in bipolar type I or bipolar type II disorder. In particular, depressive periods may only last several days. If depressive and manic symptoms alternate very rapidly (i.e., from day to day or within the same day), a mixed episode should be diagnosed rather than rapid cycling.

Coding Note:

  • Code also the causing condition

Other specified mood disorders

ICD 11 Code For Other specified mood disorders

  6A8Y  Other specified mood disorders

Mood disorders unspecified

ICD 11 Code For Mood disorders unspecified

  6A8Z  Mood disorders unspecified

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