TD Adult CPT code

TD Adult CPT Code (2022) Description, Guidelines, Reimbursement, Modifiers & Examples

TD Adult CPT code 90714 is the code for a preservative-free, absorbed tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td) vaccination for intramuscular administration. The neurotoxin released by Clostridium tetanus at the injury site causes tetanus, a neurological disease. 

TD Adult CPT Code Description

No immunized or inadequately vaccinated individuals are virtually invariably the sources of tetanus transmission. Each component of vaccination or toxoid has its unique code.

Physicians can report several units of code 90460 for each first vaccine/toxoid component provided. Code 90460 includes both multi-component and single-component vaccinations (such as influenza, human papillomavirus, or pneumococcal conjugate vaccines). 

The adult patients who get vaccination counseling from a physician or certified health care practitioner at the time of vaccination, this base number uses for this purpose. Code 90460 uses as an add-on code for each additional vaccination component delivered.

Babies are protected from whooping cough if the vaccine administers to the surrounding population. Babies are most at risk of developing life-threatening complications from whooping cough. 

Tetanus and diphtheria vaccines’ disease protection diminishes over time. Therefore, adults require a booster every ten years to maintain tetanus and diphtheria protection. Everyone close to a baby, including parents, siblings, child care providers, grandparents, and medical workers, should have the Tdap vaccine.

Maintaining optimal security requires a booster shot every ten years. Tetanus immunizations are only necessary every ten years for minor and uncontaminated wounds after obtaining an initial immunization. Tetanus toxoid boosters will advise if a patient hasn’t had the vaccine in five years. 

The majority of the time, immunizations unless they are a direct result of a medical issue or accident. Preventive vaccination will not protect in the absence of actual exposure or injury. Tetanus toxoid administration covers by this article’s CGS medical policy and coding standards. 

Combination vaccines are also covered by code 90460 (influenza, human papillomavirus, or pneumococcal conjugate vaccines). When a physician or qualified health care practitioner administers a vaccine to a patient under the age of 18, this number uses to record the vaccination. 

Code 90461 uses as an add-on code for each additional vaccination component delivered. People over 18 have received vaccination from a doctor or other qualified healthcare professional with codes 90471–90474.

CPT 90714

 Individuals with a severe allergy to any Td component should not receive this immunization. Obtaining the vaccine’s ingredients from your doctor or healthcare provider is possible.

Suppose a medication is deemed unreasonable and unnecessary for diagnosing or treating an illness or injury. The total value will remove (i.e., for both the drug and its administration). Other services (such as office visits) that administer a non-covered injection are not covered either. The procedure codes modify following NCCI or OPPS packaging standards. 

The NCCI and OPPS regulations should check before billing Medicare. The physician or provider should bill for all treatments or procedures performed on the same day for the same beneficiary.

If a referral or order is required, the claim must include the name and NPI of the prescribing or ordering physician. Suits without a valid ICD 10 CM diagnosis code will return to the provider under Section 1833(e) of the Social Security Act. The diagnosis code(s) used must appropriately reflect the patient’s condition for the reimbursed service.

Reports TD Adult CPT code 90471 and 90473 pertain to the initial or first vaccination dose, depending on how this vaccine administers. There is a limit of one initial administration code per patient interaction. An injectable and an oral/intranasal vaccine will give simultaneously, and the initial administration code is TD Adult CPT code 90471. TD Adult CPT code 90472 or 90474 should be used for each additional vaccination administration, depending on the mode of delivery. As an example:

Report TD Adult CPT code 90471 for a single intramuscular injection, and other instructions may include

  • To keep track of three intramuscular injections, enter 90471 for the first one and 90472 x 2 for the second and third.
  • You should record 90471 for the first intramuscular injection, 90472 for the second injection, and 90474 x 2 for each oral/nasal administration. You should report two intramuscular injections, one oral administration, and one nasal administration.

As part of the treatment for an injury, Medicare Part B only covers the cost of tetanus immunization (and other tetanus vaccine formulations with diphtheria or pertussis components). As an illustration, Part B would cover the cost of tetanus immunization if the beneficiary had an unintentional puncture wound. 

Knowing what codes cover and exclude accurately reports vaccine counseling and administration is necessary. For vaccination administration, these codes are solely applicable. 

  • Vaccine purchase report separately.
  • Patients and caregivers who receive counseling from a doctor or other competent health care professional (certified per state license) must have a face-to-face service report 90460-90461.
  • If counseling does not offer, administrations will document the 90471-90474.
  • In patients, fewer than 18, 90460-90461 will approve for use.
  • Code 90460 does not report each injection of single component vaccinations and the first component of a combination vaccine.
  • Code 90460 for the first component of a combination vaccine 
  • 90461 for each subsequent vaccination process like influenza.

Any route of administration” is included in the codes. Therefore, it doesn’t matter what delivery method uses for injection, oral, or intranasal.

TD Adult CPT Code Billing Guidelines

VFC-eligible patients aged newborn to 18 must have the relevant CPT codes on the CMS 1500 claim form and will reimburse for administering a vaccination from VFC vaccine stock. An office visit or an EPSDT screening may charge in addition to immunization administration expenses. Medicaid-eligible children are the only ones who can benefit from this.

For American Indian, Alaskan Native, uninsured, and underinsured patients, the immunization administration fee is payable by the parent or guardian, not Medicaid. The administrative fee may reject if a parent or guardian cannot afford to pay the following CPT codes to use when billing Medicaid for the $8 administration fee (per vaccination) for Medicaid children:

  • Tetanus, Diphtheria (Td) 90714 without preservatives

Modifier -25 may be added to the code for an evaluation and management service (other than a preventive medicine service) on the same day as a prophylactic immunization to indicate that this service was significant and different from the physician’s activity of vaccine advice and administration.

TD Adult CPT Code Modifiers

The GY modifier uses to deny a Medicare service covered by the program. The GY modifier uses when physicians, practitioners, or suppliers want to indicate that an item or service is not a Medicare benefit. According to the explanation of benefits, the patient is responsible for the non-covered service.

Exclusions that are “statutory exclusions” or “categorical exclusions” are two examples. ABNs requires for any of these services. Statutory exclusions do not need the sending of an ABN.

The ABN isn’t necessary when you suspect a claim will deny because a Medicare benefit isn’t involved or that medicare statute excludes it (except for three types of DMEPOS denials specified under modifiers GZ & GA). Medicare will most likely deny the claim after an investigation. When a service does not meet all of the requirements of the Medicare benefit definition, you can file an appeal.

You file a claim to Medicare for a secondary payer refusal the third time. The Active Therapy (AT) modifier develops to separate active therapy from maintenance treatment. Medicare will only pay for active/corrective treatment for acute or chronic subluxation. Medicare does not pay for ongoing treatment.

The modifiers used for the Td adult CPT codes are GY and AT


Resources for providers on coding and billing are available from all vaccine manufacturers and various medical organizations. The provider should get in touch with the manufacturer’s reimbursement support services. A formal appeal may not be necessary if the manufacturer’s support team can phone the payer and resolve the issue.

All Health Insurance Marketplace plans and most private insurance policies must cover the following vaccines when administered by an in-network provider. It is still valid as long as there isn’t any year-long deductible. Vaccination schedules for tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis, as well as their recommended ages and populations

The key phrase here is “in-network provider.” According to health insurance, who is considered in-network varies. Medicaid vaccination coverage varies from state to state. This action might take longer if you used a GY modifier.

Whether made directly or through other insurance, all costs fall on the recipient if a claim turns down because it pertains to an excluded service or does not meet the definition of a benefit.

Vaccinations are often not reimbursed by Medicare unless they directly relate to treating an accident or the direct exposure to a disease or condition. In the absence of injury or direct exposure, insurance covers preventive immunizations. 

This medical policy coverage article outlines the CGS coverage and coding standards for administering tetanus toxoids.


A girl aged 11 years old visits the doctor for a routine checkup (99393). Vaccines such as HPV (90649), Tdap (TD Adult CPT code 90715), and seasonal influenza (90660) discuss by the doctor. The doctor has a record of the conversation.

The mother has given her consent for her child to receive these vaccines. A nurse prepares the vaccine and administers it, and records any adverse responses in the patient’s report and on the vaccine register.

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